CLUSTER HEADACHES- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Yoga & Pranayama

Cluster headaches are occurring in patterns or clusters. It is also known as Horton’s syndrome. Frequent attacks of very painful headaches, may last from weeks to months and followed by long periods of relief.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • CAUSES OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • DIAGNOSIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • TREATMENTS FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • PROGNOSIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • COMPLICATIONS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • CLUSTER HEADACHES AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • YOGA FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Excruciating pain on one side of the head
  • Pain may radiate to other areas of your face and neck
  • Pain around the eye and redness of eyes
  • Watering eyes
  • Running nose
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Restlessness
  • Sweating

CAUSES OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • The exact cause is unknown
  • Genetic factors
  • Hypothalamus play a major role in frequent attacks
  • Cluster headaches triggered by smoking and alcohol

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

The pathophysiology of cluster headaches is based on different mechanisms. These include vascular dilation, trigeminal nerve stimulation, and circadian effects. Histamine release, an increase in mast cells, and autonomic nervous system activation may also contribute to the attacks of cluster headaches.

DIAGNOSIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Proper history taking
  • Neurological examinations
  • Imaging techniques like CT scan and MRI

TREATMENTS FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Oxygen therapy
  • Pain-relieving medications
  • Calcium channel blockers

PROGNOSIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Symptoms are manageable with medications

COMPLICATIONS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES   

  • Frequent attacks of headache interfere with the daily activities and lifestyle

CLUSTER HEADACHES AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,cluster headaches fall under vata pittaja shirasoola with rakta anubandha

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, dry, acrid, cold food
  • Excessive physical exercise
  • Suppression of natural urges

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Pain on the one side of the head

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • Due to the causative factors, vata and pitta dosha excessively aggravated.
  • The aggravated vata resides in the head and produces excruciating pain.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Pain on one side of the head – shirasthoda
  • Frequent attacks of headache
  • Radiating pain towards face and neck
  • Burning sensation – shiro daha

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Symptoms are manageable with ayurvedic medications

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

Ayurvedic local treatment for CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Svedam – local fermentation
  • Pain-relieving lepa application
  • Shirodhara
  • Murdhataila – oil massage on the head
  • Shiropichu – chandanadi tailam

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Pathyashadangam kashayam
  • Brahmi vati
  • Shirasuladi vajra rasa
  • Lakshmivilasa rasa
  • For head massaging – lakshadi tailam, manjishtadi tailam, rasnadi tailam, thenginpushpadi thaila, thungadrumadi tailam

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • NASYA- anu taila, shadbindhu taila

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

Internal administration

HOME REMEDIES FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Massage the painful area for 15 minutes ( NOT too much pressure )
  • Drinking an adequate quantity of water

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Avoid food items which produce vata , pitta dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, acrid, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items, cow’s milk
  • Practice regular exercise
  • Oil massage on affected area advised. Which alleviates vata dosha
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR CLUSTER HEADACHES

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind, cleans the respiration and gets relief from  headaches

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                             

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF CLUSTER HEADACHES

  1. Ayurvedic management of cluster headaches: a case report

http://www.iamj.in/current_issue/images/upload/2191_2194.pdf

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