Common Cold – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Yoga & Pranayama

Cold or common cold is the viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. It is a contagious disease commonly affecting the nose and throat.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COLD
  • CAUSES OF COLD
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF COLD
  • DIAGNOSIS OF COLD
  • TREATMENTS FOR COLD
  • PROGNOSIS OF COLD
  • COMPLICATIONS OF COLD
  • COLD AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF COLD
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF COLD
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF COLD
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COLD
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF COLD
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR COLD
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR COLD
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR COLD
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR COLD
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR COLD
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR COLD
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR COLD
  • YOGA FOR COLD
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF COLD

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COLD

  • Running nose
  • Sneezing
  • Nasal congestion
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Mild fever

CAUSES OF COLD

  • Viral infection – rhinoviruses

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF COLD

Rhinoviruses enter the body through the mouth, eyes or nose. The virus can spread through droplets in the air. It also spreads by direct contact with someone who has cold or by sharing contaminated objects. Increased nasal secretions cause running nose.

DIAGNOSIS OF COLD

  • Diagnosis is based on the proper examination of signs and symptoms
  • Chest X-ray

TREATMENTS FOR COLD

  • Decongestant nasal drops or sprays
  • Antipyretics
  • Antibiotics – in the case of secondary bacterial infections

PROGNOSIS OF COLD

  • Cold is a self-limiting disease. Symptoms subside within two weeks.

COMPLICATIONS OF COLD          

  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Otitis media
  • Asthma

COLD AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,cold is known as pinasa or pratishyaya.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF COLD

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, cold food
  • Vegasandharana – Suppression of natural urges.
  • Ajeerna (indigestion)
  • Raja (dust)
  • Rtuvaishamya (seasonal variation)
  • Shiroabhitapa (exposure to sun/ trauma)
  • Prajagara (night waking)
  • Atisvapna (excess sleeping)
  • Ambusheeta (cold water)
  • Dhooma(smoke)

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF COLD

  • Shirogaurva (heaviness of head)
  • Kshavathu (sneezing)
  • Angamarda (body ache)
  • Lomaharsha (horripilation)
  • Jvara (fever)
  • Kasa (cough)

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF COLD

The etiological factors lead to vitiation of vata and other dosas individually or collectively associated with or without raktha accumulating in the head, producing pratishyaya.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COLD

  • Nasasrava – Running nose
  • Ghrana uparodha – nasal obstruction
  • Aruchi – anorexia
  • Swarabheda – hoarseness of voice
  • Jwara – mild fever
  • Shira sula – headache 

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF COLD

  • Sadhya – curable

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR COLD

Ayurvedic local treatment for COLD

  • Svedam – local fermentation in throat and chest
  • Pain-relieving lepa application in the case of headache associated with cold

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR COLD

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR COLD

  • NASYA-  anutaila ( in late stages of cold – pakwa pratishyaya)

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR COLD

Internal administration

  • Dasamulam katutrayam kashayam
  • Elakanadi kashayam
  • Vyoshadi vatakam
  • Talisapathradi churna

HOME REMEDIES FOR COLD

  • Steam inhalation
  • Drinking water boiled with dry ginger

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR COLD

  • Avoid food items which produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items, lukewarm water
  • Avoid head bathing
  • Avoid exposure to the cold environment

YOGA FOR COLD

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – Cleans the respiratory passage removes the nasal congestion

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                             

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF COLD

1.     Standard treatment guidelines in ayurveda for pratishyaya

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338995731_STANDARD_TREATMENT_GUIDELINES_IN_AYURVEDA_FOR_PRATISHYAYA

  •  Role of pradhamana nasya and trayodasanga kwadha in dushta pratishyaya

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3221066/

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