Durvadi ghrutham is described in Bhaishajya Ratnavali Rakthapitta chikitsa (bleeding disorders). The reference is also seen in Sahasrayogam. This formulation can be used for internal administration, as coryllium or filling ears in suitable clinical conditions. In this formulation the goat’s ghee is used.
Durvadi ghrutham can be given internally in,
- Vomiting of blood
- For bleeding through nose it is given as nasal instillation
- For bleeding through ears, it is filled in ear.
- As coryllium in eyes or filling eyes (Tarpana)
- In case of bleeding per rectum or genitals given as vasthi
- If bleeding occurs through hair follicles ghee is used for external application
INGREDIENTS AND METHOD OF PREPARATION of Durvadi Ghrutham
|Sl. No.||Sanskrit name||English name||Latin Name||Proportion|
|1||Durva||Conch grass, Bermuda grass||Cynodon dactylon||12 g each for preparing paste|
|2||Utpalakinjalka (kamala kesara)||Lotus||Nelumbo nucifera|
|3||Manjishta||Indian madder||Rubia cordifolia|
|4||Elavaluka||Tart cherry||Prunus cerasus|
|6||Seeta (chandana)||Sandal wood||Santalum album|
|7||Useera||Khus khus grass||Vetiveriaa zizanioides|
|8||Musta||Nut grass||Cyperus rotundus|
|9||Raktachandana||Red sandal wood||Pterocarpus santalinus|
|10||Padmaka||Bird cherry||Prunus cerasoids|
|11||Tandulambu||Water obtained by washing rice||3072 ml (4 times of ghee)|
|12||Aja sarpi||Goat’s ghee||768 ml|
|13||Ajaksheera||Goat’s milk||3072 ml (4 times of ghee)|
METHOD OF PREPARATION
Preparation of Kalka dravya (paste of drugs)
12 g of each drug were taken and made into very fine paste.
Preparation of Tandulodaka
Prepared by macerating milled rice in eight times water and its water is filtered and collected as Tandulodaka.
Preparation of ghee
768 ml of ghee taken in a suitable vessel to which the paste of drugs prepared is added followed by addition of tadulodaka. Cooking of ghee was done in mild fire. When kalka starts separated from the ghee the goat’s milk of required quantity is added and cooking continued with constant stirring. When the paste if drugs attained a stage when it can be rolled into a wick shape the fire turned off and ghee was filtered and collected. This was then stored in a suitable container.
PROPERTIES OF INGREDIENTS
|Sl. No.||Sanskrit name||Properties|
|1||Durva||Reduces vitiated kapha and pitta dosha. This is used in blood disorders like abscess|
|2||Utpalakinjalka||Balances kapha pitta dosha and it is coolant, nourishing, calming, etc. it improves complexion|
|3||Manjishta||Useful in treating diseases of blood. It is used in treating fever, improves complexion and poisoning.|
|4||Elavaluka||Balances kapha vata dosha and cures itching, wounds, vomiting, excessive thirst, cough, anorexia, poisoning, bleeding disorders, diseases of urinary system and burning sensation.|
|6||Seeta (chandana)||Balance kapha and pitta dosha. It detoxifies blood and used in bleeding disorders, acts as aphrodisiac, anti-toxic, coolant and relieves thirst, tiredness, fatigue, etc.|
|7||Useera||Pacifies vata and pitta dosha. It is having antioxidant property. It relives excessive thirst, burning sensation, fever, etc. it improves complexion, promotes lactation and cures vomiting.|
|8||Musta||It is used as absorbent, digestive and carminative. It is used in the management of fever, thirst, anorexia, worm infestation, bleeding disorders, diarrhoea.|
|9||Raktachandana||It is useful against psychological imbalances and disorders and balances kapha pitta dosha. It improves vision and is aphrodisiac, coolant, cures fatigue, thirst, bleeding disorders, burning sensation etc.|
|10||Padmaka||It is light to digest and acts as coolant. It pacifies kapha pitta dosha and acts as garbhasthapana.|
The drugs are generally coolant and cures pitta vitiation. Durva (conch grass) is famous for its raktha sthambana (to arrest bleeding) action. All the other drugs also effectively check bleeding and so can be judiciously used in haemorrhagic diseases.
5 to 10 ml is given for internal administration. This also used as coryllium and filling ears in appropriate quantities.
EXERCISE AND YOGA
Suitable exercise can be adopted considering the health and disease of the patient. Can do yoga postures like,
- Gomukhasana, etc.
- Anuloma viloma pranayama
APATHYAS DURING THE USE OF DURVADI GHRUTHAM
No contraindications are said in the classics. Usually, the diet and regimen are decided considering the disease. It is better to avoid hot spicy and heavy foods.
No side effects are noticed.
Bhaishajya Ratnavali Rakthapittachikitsa
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