GULGULUTHIKTHAKAM GHRUTHAM – Benefits, Ingredients, Indications, Dosage, Usage, Preparation, Side effects, Equivalent Medicines, Research Papers

Guggulutikthakam ghrutham is a very potent formulation described in Vata vyadhi chikitsa by Vagbhatacharya in Ashtanga hridaya. Though it is said as a ghee preparation now its kashaya and kashaya tablets are also available. 

INDICATIONS

Guggulutikthakam ghrutham is indicated in conditions like,

  • Neurological diseases
  • Diseases due to vitiated vata dosha
  • Diseases affecting joints and bones
  • Diseases of majja dhathu (tissues)
  • Skin diseases
  • Sinus ulcers
  • Fistula in ano
  • Diseases of head and neck
  • Abdominal tumours
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Anaemia
  • Insanity
  • Respiratory disorders
  • oedema

INGREDIENTS AND METHOD OF PREPARATION of Gulguluthiktakam Ghrutham

Sl. No.English nameSanskrit nameLatin NameProportion
1NeemNimbaAzadiracta indica  480 g each for preparing decoction  
2GiloyAmritTinospora cordifolia
3Malabar nutVrisha Adathoda vasica
4Pointed gourdPatolaTrichosanthes dioica
5Wild eggs plantKantakariSolanum virginianum
6Indian moon seedPataCyclea peltata                  12 g each for preparing pate
7False black pepperVidangaEmbelia ribes
8Himalayan cedarSuradharuCedrus deodara
9Long pepperGajopakulyaScindapsus officinalis
10YavaksharaCarbonate of potash
11SauvarchalaSodii carbonas impura
12Dry gingerNagaraZingiber officinalis
13TurmericNisaCurcuma longa
14Dill plantMisiAnethum graveolens
15Java Long pepper rootChavyaPiper mullusea
16Indian costus rootKushtaSaussurea costus
17Staff treeTejovatiCelustrus paniculatus
18Black pepperMarichaPiper nigrum
19KurchiVatsakaHalarrhena pubescens
20Carom seedsDeepyakaTrachyspermum ammi
21LeadwortAgniPlumbago zeylanica
22HelleboreRohiniNeopicrorhiza scrophulariflora
23Marking nutArushkaraSemecarpous anacardium
24Sweet flagVachaAcorus calamus
25Pong pepper rootKanamoolaPiper longum (wild)
26Indian madderManjishtaRubia cordifolia
27Indian ateesAtivishaAconitum heterophyllum
28Monk’s hoodVishaAconitum ferox
9Cumin seedsYavaniCuminum cyminum
30Indian bedelliumGugguluCommiphora mukul240 g
31 Ghee 768 g

METHOD OF PREPARATION

Preparation of Kashaya

480 g each were taken and crushed into coarse powder. Add 1 khata (24.576 litre) of water and boiled. It is then reduced to 1/8th quantity and filtered to collect decoction.

Preparation of ghee

The ghee is taken in a suitable vessel to which the prepared decoction and fine paste of drugs and guggulu are added and cooked in mild flame. The cooking is continued till the paste of drugs can be made into a wick shape. Then the ghee is filtered and collected.

PROPERTIES OF INGREDIENTS

Sl. No.Sanskrit nameProperties
1NimbaIt is cold, and grahi (absorb moisture from intestine), improves digestion, relieves tiredness, cough, fever, anorexia, worms, vomiting, skin diseases, heals wound quickly, and useful in diabetes.
2AmritBalances tridosha, and has hot potency. It is rejuvinative, improve strength, relieves diabetes, anaemia, jaundice, skin diseases, worms, etc.
3Vrisha Balances kapha pitta dosha. It is useful in chronic respiratory diseases, and bleeding disorders.
4PatolaIt balances kapha pitta dosha. It is useful in skin diseases, aphrodisiac, improves taste, and cures fever, burning sensation, cough and haemorrhoids.
5KantakariIt cures vitiated vata kapha dosha. It is having anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, analgesic, stimulant, carminative, expectorant and demulcent action. It is cardio-tonic and aphrodisiac.
6PataBalances kapha and pitta dosha. It is vrishya, anti-toxic, relieves intestinal worms, burning sensation, chronic toxicity and wounds.
7VidangaThis is the best drug in treating worm infestation. Useful in treating skin diseases, diabetes, skin diseases, colic pain, bloating, abdominal distension. It helps in expulsion of doshas (vitiated humours) from the head.
8SuradharuCleanses wounds, cures worm infections, skin infections, neurological disorders, chronic respiratory conditions, diabetes, excessive itching, etc.
9GajopakulyaReduces vitiated kapha and vata dosha and it improves strength. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, respiratory disorders, throat disorders and worm infestation.
10YavaksharaUsed in treatment if cardiac diseases, diseases of spleen, GIT, urinary diseases like calculi
11SauvarchalaIt is light, easy to digest and used in treatment of diseases of GIT. It is good for heart and clears throat.
12NagaraIt improves taste and cures anorexia. It balances vata kapha dosha. It is having anti-inflammatory property. It relieves abdominal pain, constipation, throat disorders, bloating, cough, cold, vomiting and hiccups. 
13NisaAlleviates Kapha pitta doshas, it is having anti-allergic, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. It is having kandughna (cures itching), kushtanghna (anti-leprotic action), vishaghna (antitoxic effect) properties
14MisiBalances vitiated vata and kapha dosha. It improves digestive fire, cures fever, abdominal pain, healing wounds,  eye disorders, etc.
15ChavyaAlleviates vata kapha doshas, it relieves anorexia, constipation, worm infestation, abdominal pain, tumours (gulma), bloating, ascitis.
16KushtaUsed in treatment of gout, skin diseases, dyslipidaemia, and increases sperm count. It balances vata dosha and used in managing vatavyadhi and vataraktha.
17TejovatiIt balances vitiated kapha vata dosha. It is having very hot potency, very strong, pungent and improves digestion, memory and intelligence.
18MarichaIt alleviates vata kapha dosha. It improves taste and digestion. It alleviates bloating, chronic respiratory diseases, intestinal worm infestations, cardiac diseases and recurrent fever.
19VatsakaBalances kapha pitta dosha. It is used in treating diarrhoea, IBS, disorders of blood, fever, cardiac disorders, skin diseases, worm infestations. 
20DeepyakaBalances kapha vata dosha. It improves taste, digestion, and used in management of abdominal colic, worm infestation, ascitis, bloating, splenomegaly and poisoning.
21AgniBalances vata kapha dosha. It improves digestion, and useful in skin diseases, worm infestation, haemorrhoids, amenorrhea, hepatomegaly and spenomegaly.
22RohiniBalances vitiated kapha pitta dosha. Used in treating bleeding disorders, relieves burning sensation, good for heart, improves digestion and metabolism.
23ArushkaraImproves intelligence, act as digestant, cures skin diseases, haemorrhoids,wounds and balances vata kapha dosha.
24VachaBalances kapha vata dosha and improves intelligence. It is used in treatment of neurological disorders, obesity, fever, etc.
25KanamoolaIt breaks down thick kapha (sputum), relieves asthma, worm infestations, ascitis, bloating, splenomegaly, respiratory diseases, cough. It is digestive and improve taste.
26ManjishtaUseful in treating diseases of blood. It is used in treating fever, improves complexion and poisoning.
27AtivishaIt balances tridoshas, it is having anti –toxic effect. It is also digestive, carminative and absorbent.
28VishaIt is toxic herb but if used after purification possesses many therapeutic actions. It is tridoshahara and acte as catalyst fir the action of other drugs.
9YavaniIt acts as digestant and carminative. Useful in fever, thirst, burning sensation and abdominal colic.  Cures worm infestation, vomiting, etc.
30GugguluIt is a best rejuvinative drug. It acts as digestant and improves strength. It is having anti-inflammatory properties and used in managing diseases of vata vitiation and neurological diseases.

Most of the drugs are capable of decreasing vata dosha and so it is useful in treating a wide spectrum of diseases of vata vitiation described under the heading vata vyadhi in Ayurveda. It is also used in managing very complicated conditions involving the raktha dushti (blood related diseases) and skin diseases. it is given as Samana Oushadha (curative medicine) and for snehapana.     .

DOSAGE:

 5 to 10 ml of ghee is with suitable adjuvant. The adjuvant can be selected according to the disease condition. For Snehapana dose is decided considering the digestive capacity and strength of the patient.

EXERCISE AND YOGA

Heavy exercise is not advised during the consumption of Guggulutikthakam ghrutham. But can adopt simple yoga postures, meditation and pranayama.

  • Anuloma viloma pranayama
  • Merudhandasana
  • Sasankasana
  • Savasana
  • Gomukhasana
  • Bhujangasana
  • Padmasana
  • Vajrasana
  • Meditation

PATHYA AHARAS AND VIHARAS

This is an herbal formulation but it contains toxic drugs like Aconitum ferox, semecarpous anacardium etc. which needs purification before their addition to the formulation. If not properly purified, it can cause the toxic symptoms in the body. Many people have allergy to the marking nut. So medical history should be taken

Guggulu also is a very potent drug and during its consumption it is desirable to avoid exposure to sun light, sexual acts, exercise, foods like horse gram, other hot spicy and acrid food.

So during the consumption of Guggulutikthakam ghrutham it is necessary to have a close monitoring of patients.

SIDE EFFECTS

Can cause health problems like allergic reactions if patient is allergic to marking nut, guggulu, etc. if aconitum ferox is not purified properly can cause toxic effects in the body.

BRANDS AVAILABLE

  • Vaidyaratnam Oushadhasala
  • Arya Vaidya Sala Kottakkal
  • SNA Oushadasala
  • Sitaram
  • Nagarjuna
  • Kerala Ayurveda
  • Arya Vaidya Pharmacy

REFERENCE:

Ashtanga hridaya Vata vyadhi chikitsa

RESEARCH ARTICLES

https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/361

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3215322/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332533944_Ayurveda_approaches_towards_the_management_of_sport_injury_wsr_to_sport_medicine

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4900004/

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