DHANWANTHARAM GHRUTHAM – Benefits, Ingredients, Indications, Dosage, Usage, Preparation, Side effects, Equivalent Medicines, Research Papers

Dhanwantharam ghrutham is a formulation said in Ashtanga hridaya Prameha chikitsa. It is used in the management of all types of Prameha and the pidaka (abscess) which occurs in diabetic patients. It is used in snehapana (oleation therapy) prior to the panchakarma procedures. 

INDICATIONS

Dhanwantharam ghrutham is indicated in various conditions like,

  • All types of Prameha
  • Prameha pidaka (diabetic ulcers)
  • Poisoning
  • Pandu roga (anaemia)
  • Vidradhi (abscess)
  • Gulma (abdominal tumours)
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Oedema
  • Ascitis
  • Respiratory diseases and cough
  • Vomiting
  • Splenomegaly
  • Rheumatoid diseases
  • Skin diseases
  • Psychiatric diseases

INGREDIENTS AND METHOD OF PREPARATION of Dhanwanatharam Ghrutham

Sl. No.English nameSanskrit nameLatin NameProportion
1Coomb teak, Cashmiri treeKasmariGmelina arborea10 pala (480 g ) 
2Bael fruitVilwaAegle marmelos480 g 
3Rose flower fragrantPatalaStereospermum colais480 g 
4Indian trumpetSyonakaOroxylum indicum480 g 
5Wind killerAgnimanthaPremna corymbosa480 g 
6Sal leaved desmodiumSalaparniPseudarthria viscida480 g 
7Indian urariaPrisniparniDesodium gangeticum480 g 
8Indian night shadeBrihatiSolanum anguivi480 g 
9Wild eggs plantNidigdhikaSolanum virginianum480 g 
10Small caltropsGokshuraTribulus terrestris480 g 
11Perfume gingerSathiHedychium spicatum480 g 
12Wild castorDantiBaliospermum montanum480 g 
13Himalayan cedarSurahvaCedrus deodara480 g 
14Hogweed (red variety)PunarnavaBoerhavia diffusa480 g 
15Hogweed(white variety)SvetapunarnavaBoerhavia verticillata480 g 
16Common milk HedgeSnuhiEuphorbia nerifolia480 g 
17MadarArkamulaCalotropis  gigantea480 g 
18Chebulic MyrobalanPathyaTerminalia chebula480 g 
19Burflower treeBhukadambaNeolamarckia cadamba480 g 
20Marking nutArushkaraSemecarpous anacardium480 g 
21Indian beechKaranjamulaPongamia pinnata480 g 
22Three leaved caperVaranaCrataeva magna480 g 
23Long pepper rootPippalimulaPiper longum (wild variety)480 g 
24ElicampanePushkaramulaInula racemosa480 g 
25BarleyYavaHordeum vulgare768 g 
26Bet fruitKolaZiziphus mauritiana768 g 
27Horse gramKulathaMacrotyloma uniflorum768 g 
28Long pepperPippaliPiper longum12 g 
29Java long pepperChavyaPiper mullusea12 g 
30Sweet flagVachaAcorus calamus12 g 
31Willow-leaved water crotonNichulaHomonoia riparia12 g 
32Rusa grassRohishaSphaeranthus indicus12 g 
33Indian JalapTrivritOperculina turpethum12 g 
34False black pepperVidangaEmbelia ribes12 g 
35Monkey face treeKampillaMallotus philippensis12 g 
36Turk’s turbanBhargiRotheca serrata12 g 
37Dry gingerViswaZingiber officinale12 g 
38Ghee  1 prastha (768 ml) 

METHOD OF PREPARATION

Decoction:

The drugs from No.1 to 27 are taken in specified amount and eight times water is added and boiled and reduced to one fourth. This decoction is filtered and collected to get the liquid medium for ghee preparation.

Kalka (paste of drugs)

The drugs from 28 to 37 are taken and made into fine paste.

Preparation of ghee

The ghee is taken in a vessel to which decoction and paste of drugs are added and cooked till the paste of drugs can be rolled into a wick shape without cracks. This is then filtered, collected and stored in an airtight container.

PROPERTIES OF INGREDIENTS

Sl. No.MedicineProperties
 KasmariAlleviate all the three doshas. It has stomachic, refrigerant, demulcent, laxative properties. It is being used In treatments of oedema, constipation, haemorrhoids, bleeding disorders, toxic conditions.
 VilwaAlleviate vata kapha dosha. It has anti-inflammatory, astringent, digestive, and stomachic properties. It is used to treat diarrhoea, vomiting, oedema, etc.
 PatalaAlleviate three doshas. It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It is a liver stimulant. Used to treat oedema, asthma, vomiting, phthisis, diarrhoea.
 SyonakaAlleviate vata kapha dosha. It is having anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, anti-bacterial, diaphoretic and stomachic action. It is used to treat oedema, cough, ulcer, diarrhoea, fever.
 AgnimanthaAlleviate vata kapha dosha. It is having anti-inflammatory, anthelminthic properties. It is used to treat oedema, constipation, fever, haemorrhoids.
 SalaparniAlleviate vata pitta dosha.it is having antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, digestive, febrifuge and anticatarrhal actions. It is used in the treatment of oedema, cough, asthma, vomiting, fever, diarrhoea, worm infection and haemorrhoids.
 PrisniparniIt cures vitiation of tridoshas. It is having antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antiemetic, and aphrodisiac and wound healing properties.
 BrihatiAlleviate vata kapha dosha. It has properties like carminative, aphrodisiac, cardiac tonic, analgesic, antipyretic and expectorant actions.
 NidigdhikaIt cures vitiated vata kapha dosha. It is having anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, analgesic, stimulant, carminative, expectorant and demulcent action. It is cardio-tonic and aphrodisiac.
 GokshuraIt alleviates all the vitiated doshas. It is having properties like diuretic, tonic, aphrodisiac, and demulcent action. It is used to treat urinary problems, calculi, oedema, depletion of semen, cough, etc.
 SathiReduces vitiated kapha vata samana. Cures bad breath, cough, ulcers, respiratory disorders, fever.
 DantiThe drug spreads very easily throughout body and has a quick action. It is used in the treatment of wounds, skin diseases, cough, asthma, neuralgia, ascitis, oedema, haemorrhoids, etc.
 SurahvaCleanses wounds, cures worm infections, skin infections, neurological disorders, chronic respiratory conditions, diabetes, excessive itching, etc.
 PunarnavaPotent Ayurvedic anti-inflammatory drug, diuretic and cures swelling. Balances Kapha vata dosha.
 SvetapunarnavaCures vitiated kapha vata dosha. Reduces swelling, anti-inflammatory.
 SnuhiReduces vitiated kapha vata dosha. Used in treatment of abdominal tumours, ascitis, diabetes, skin diseases, haemorrhoids, etc.
 ArkamulaBalances vata kapha dosha. Used in treatment of worm infections, wounds, haemorrhoids, poisoning, bleeding disorders, and inflammation.
 PathyaIt is having hot potency, improves colour of skin, promotes bowel movement, improves intelligence, relieves inflammation, improve vision, intelligence and memory. It is having rejuvinative, digestive properties
 BhukadambaIt acts as coolant, heals wound, improves sperm count,  cures bleeding disorders, anorexia, diarrhoea, poisoning, etc.
 ArushkaraImproves intelligence, act as digestant, cures skin diseases, haemorrhoids, wounds and balances vata kapha dosha.
 KaranjamulaDetoxifies vaginal diseases, cures uterine diseases, skin diseases, haemorrhoids, wounds, worm infestations, diabetes
 VaranaCures vitiated vata kapha dosha, worm infections, gout, dysuria, abscess and blood disorders.
 PippalimulaIt breaks down thick kapha (sputum), relieves asthma, worm infestations, ascitis, bloating, splenomegaly, respiratory diseases, cough. It is digestive and improve taste.
 PushkaramulaBalances kapha vata dosha. Cures anorexia, fever, cough, cold, inflammations, asthma, and hiccups. It has anti histaminic and broncho-dilatory effect.
 YavaIt increases intestinal motility, improves voice, digestion, strength. It is aphrodisiac and useful in diabetes.
 KolaBalances vata pitta dosha. It relives excessive thirst, indigestion, anorexia.
 KulathaReduces vitiation of kapha vata dosha. Acts as laxative, and normal movement of vata. It cures oedema, inflammation, ascitis, haemorroids.
 PippaliBalances vata kapha vitiation. It improves digestion, anti-ageing, rejuvinative, good in respiratory disease, cough, fever, diabetes, abdominal tumours, and haemorrhoids.
 ChavyaAlleviates vata kapha doshas, it relieves anorexia, constipation, worm infestation, abdominal pain, tumours (gulma), bloating, ascitis.
 VachaBalances kapha vata dosha and improves intelligence. It is used in treatment of neurological disorders, obesity, fever, etc.
 NichulaAction in skin diseases, bleeding disorders.
 RohishaReduces vitiated kapha vata dosha. Used in bleeding disorders, pruritus, chronic respiratory conditions, indigestion, anorexia.
 TrivritIt balances pitta and kapha dosha. It causes severe purgation. It cures worm infestation, infected wound, ascitis, fever, inflammation, and anaemia
 VidangaThis is the best drug in treating worm infestation. Useful in treating skin diseases, diabetes, skin diseases, colic pain, bloating, abdominal distension. It helps in expulsion of doshas (vitiated humours) from the head.
 KampillaIt causes severe purgation, cures vrana, ascitis, constipation, inflammation, etc.
 BhargiBalances kapha vata dosha, cures respiratory diseases, inflammation, indigestion, abscess and infected wounds. Useful in burning sensation.
 ViswaIt improves taste and cures anorexia. It balances vata kapha dosha. It is having anti-inflammatory property. It relieves abdominal pain, constipation, throat disorders, bloating, cough, cold, vomiting and hiccups. 

The drugs included in this formulation are predominantly kapha vata samana (balances kapha and vata dosha). This ghee can be administered in various conditions considering the dosha and disease of the person. This is used for Snehana prior to elimination of the vitiated doshas in the specified conditions. This can also be given in small dose as a curative medicine.         .

DOSAGE:

5 to 10 ml is given with hot water or other suitable adjuvent. For snehapana the dose is decided according to the strength of the body.

EXERCISE AND YOGA

This formulation is said in the Prameha chikitsa (treatment of Diabetes). So the yoga postures desirable for this disease can be practiced. It includes,

  • Merudhandasana
  • Paschimothanasana
  • Sarvangasana
  • Halasana
  • Bhujangasana
  • Naukasana
  • Bhastrika pranayama
  • Kapalbadi
  • Anuloma viloma pranayama

PATHYA AHARAS AND VIHARAS

It is desirable to take food which is light, and easy to digest are to be consumed. Hot, spicy and fried food may cause some adverse impacts. Also avoid junk food, sugar, alcohols, smoking, etc.

CONTRAINDICATED CONDITIONS

No specified contraindications are said. Those with allergy to Bhallataka (marking nut) should not give this medicine.

SIDE EFFECTS

No side effects are noticed.  But it is desirable to take the medicine under medical supervision and for patients with conditions like dyslipidaemia; hypertension etc. frequent monitoring is beneficial. In high doses can cause purgation. It contains marking nut (arushkara) is drug that causes allergy and so the medical history is to taken prior to the advice of medicine.

REFERENCE:

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