COARCTATION OF THE AORTA- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Coarctation of the aorta is a birth defect, in which the aorta is narrower than usual.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • CAUSES OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • DIAGNOSIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • TREATMENTS FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • PROGNOSIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • COMPLICATIONS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • COARCTATION OF THE AORTA   AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 
  • YOGA FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

The symptoms of coarctation of the aorta can be seen shortly after birth. These include:

  • Irritability
  • Feeding difficulty
  • Breathing problems
  • Pale skin
  • Profound sweating

The symptoms after infancy include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Leg cramp

CAUSES OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Congenital heart defects 
  • Coarctation of the aorta may occur after a traumatic injury or due to inflammation and hardening of arteries.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

Aorta is the main artery that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. In coarctation of the aorta, the left ventricle of the heart works harder to pump blood through the narrowed aorta. The blood pressure increases in the left ventricle and gradually left ventricular hypertrophy may occur.

DIAGNOSIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Proper history taking
  • Physical examination – Auscultation
  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Echocardiogram 
  • Chest X-ray
  • MRI scan
  • CT scan
  • Cardiac catheterization angiography

TREATMENTS FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Balloon angioplasty and stenting
  • Stent grafting
  • Patch aortoplasty 

PROGNOSIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • The symptoms get better after surgery

COMPLICATIONS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA   

  • Brain aneurysm
  • Aortic rupture

COARCTATION OF THE AORTA AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,coarctation of the aorta falls under ‘hridroga’
  • Symptoms can be managed based on Vata vyadhi chikilsa. According to Ayurveda, the heart functions controlled by ‘vyanavayu’

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

The risk factors are;

  • Janmakrita – congenital
  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, dry food
  • Aganthu factors – injury
  • Suppression of natural urges.

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Chest pain – uro ruk

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • The aggravated vata having provoked these two doshas, exacerbated and fills up the empty channels and moved greatly inside them or by getting enveloped by the other doshas.
  • The aggravated vata resides in the heart, and aorta and produces a narrowing and increased blood pressure.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Urasula – chest pain
  • Breathing difficulty – srama swasa
  • Headache – shirasula
  • Fainting – tantra
  • Weakness – sada

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Symptoms are manageable – yapya roga

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

Ayurvedic samana treatment for coarctation of the aorta 

  • Medicines that causes anulomana
  • Gandharvahasthadi kashayam
  • Arogyavardhini vati
  • Laghusuteshekhara rasa
  • Brahmi vati
  • Aswagandha churna

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Virechana – mild purgation
  • Vasthi – medicated enema (to control vata)

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

Internal administration

HOME REMEDIES FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA   

  • Remedies for reducing the high blood pressure can be adopted
  • Sleeping for 8hrs

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Avoid food items that produce vata dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because vata imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Practice regular exercise
  • Oil massage on the head is advised. Which alleviates vata dosha
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR COARCTATION OF THE AORTA 

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, and the body relaxed. The patient has to close one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                   
  • Savasana – relax the body and mind
  • Balasana
  • Bhujangasana

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, United States. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Please consult your GP before the intake.

Ayurveda Expert, India
Dr. Rajesh Nair, Consultant, Ayurvedaforall

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Writer:

Dr. Rajesh Nair, the co-founder and chief consultant of Ayurvedaforall.Com, is a graduate of prestigious Vaidyaratnam Ayurveda College (affiliated with the University of Calicut), Kerala, India. Additionally, he holds a Postgraduate Diploma in Yoga Therapy from Annamalai University.

Dr. Nair offers consultation at two busy clinics in and around Haripad, Alleppey, Kerala, the southern state famous worldwide for authentic ayurvedic treatment and physicians. While offering consultation on all aspects of ayurvedic treatments Dr. Nair has a special interest in Panchkarma, Yoga, and Massage.

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