VITILIGO- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Vitiligo is a skin disease characterized by white patches on the skin.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VITILIGO 
  • CAUSES OF VITILIGO 
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF VITILIGO 
  • DIAGNOSIS OF VITILIGO 
  • TREATMENTS FOR VITILIGO 
  • PROGNOSIS OF VITILIGO 
  • COMPLICATIONS OF VITILIGO 
  • VITILIGO  AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF VITILIGO 
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF VITILIGO 
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF VITILIGO 
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VITILIGO 
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF VITILIGO 
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR VITILIGO 
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR VITILIGO 
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR VITILIGO 
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR VITILIGO 
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR VITILIGO 
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR VITILIGO 
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR VITILIGO 
  • YOGA FOR VITILIGO 
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF VITILIGO 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VITILIGO 

  • Pale patchy areas of depigmented skin
  • It most commonly occurs in extremities and face
  • Premature greying of hair

CAUSES OF VITILIGO 

  • Vitiligo is caused by the lack of a pigment called melanin in the skin.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF VITILIGO 

Melanin is the pigment produced by skin cells called melanocytes, and it gives colour to the skin. In vitiligo, there are not enough working melanocytes to produce enough melanin in the skin. This causes the development of hypopigmented white patches in the skin or hair.

DIAGNOSIS OF VITILIGO 

  1. EXAMINATIONS
  • Inspection of the skin by a dermatologist
  • INVESTIGATIONS
  • Skin biopsy
  • Laboratory tests – to find out underlying pathology

TREATMENTS FOR VITILIGO 

  • Medications and therapies for the restoration of skin colour
  • Skin grafting
  • Light therapy

PROGNOSIS OF VITILIGO 

  • Prognosis is based on the stage of the vitiligo, duration  and condition of the patient

COMPLICATIONS OF VITILIGO   

  • Sunburn – persons with vitiligo must protect the skin from exposure to the sun
  • Less self-confidence

VITILIGO AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,vitiligo is falling under ‘Shvitra’.
  • According to Ayurveda, twakrogas are known by the general term Kushta. General medicines used for the treatment of skin diseases (kushta) are effective in vitiligo.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF VITILIGO 

  • Excess consumption of incompatible food
  • Vitiation of dosha and dhatus

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF VITILIGO 

  • Hypo pigmented areas in the skin

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF VITILIGO 

 In the pathogenesis of Shvitra, tridoṣas (vāta, pitta and kapha) are involved.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VITILIGO 

  • Twak vaivarnyam – white patches in the skin

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF VITILIGO 

  • symptoms are manageable with proper Ayurvedic therapies

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR VITILIGO 

Ayurvedic local treatment for vitiligo 

  • Shvitrahara lepa – bakuchyadi lepa

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR VITILIGO 

  • kanakabindhu arishta
  • manjishtadi kwatha
  • Patolamooladi kashaya
  • Pachatiktaka ghrita
  • Arogyavardhini Rasa 
  • Gandhaka Rasāyana

AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR VITILIGO 

  • Vamana- emesis
  • Virechana – purgation

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR VITILIGO 

Internal administration

HOME REMEDIES FOR VITILIGO 

  • Intake of Indian gooseberry – cools the body, nourishes the skin

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR VITILIGO 

  • Avoid food items that produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items
  • Consume vitamin A fortified foods
  • Avoid exposure to dust, smoke, sunlight

YOGA FOR VITILIGO 

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from irritations related to vitiligo 

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                             

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF VITILIGO 

  1. Ayurvedic Management of chronic Vitiligo (Shvitra): A case study

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/327883323_Ayurvedic_Management_of_chronic_Vitiligo_Shvitra_A_case_study

2.     Clinical evaluation of the efficacy of Shvitrahara kashaya and lepa in vitiligo

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3215421/

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