VERTIGO- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Vertigo is the feeling of spinning or the sensation of imbalance. It is a common symptom in many diseases. It also occurs without underlying pathology.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VERTIGO
  • CAUSES OF VERTIGO
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF VERTIGO
  • DIAGNOSIS OF VERTIGO
  • TREATMENTS FOR VERTIGO
  • PROGNOSIS OF VERTIGO
  • COMPLICATIONS OF VERTIGO
  • VERTIGO  AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF VERTIGO
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF VERTIGO
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF VERTIGO
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VERTIGO
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF VERTIGO
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR VERTIGO
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR VERTIGO
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR VERTIGO
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR VERTIGO
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR VERTIGO
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR VERTIGO
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR VERTIGO
  • YOGA FOR VERTIGO
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF VERTIGO

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VERTIGO

  • Spinning 
  • Swaying
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Balance problems
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Vertigo on head movement

CAUSES OF VERTIGO

  • Ageing
  • Problems in the inner ear
  • BPPV – Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
  • Side effects of certain medications
  • Stress
  • Anaemia
  • Stroke
  • Brain tumour

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF VERTIGO

  • Vertigo is triggered by many factors.
  • Benign positional vertigo (BPV) is caused by calcium carbonate particles known as otoliths or otoconia that are abnormally displaced into the semicircular canals of the vestibular labyrinth of the inner ear and produces vertigo and dizziness.
  • Psychosocial factors like stress also contribute to vertigo.
  • Deficiency of nutrients along with other disease conditions like anaemia becomes a part of the pathogenesis of vertigo.

DIAGNOSIS OF VERTIGO

  • Proper history taking
  • Physical examinations
  • Laboratory tests
  • Neurological examinations
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Dix-Hallpike maneuver test

TREATMENTS FOR VERTIGO

  • Physiotherapy
  • Surgical interventions  
  • Treatment of underlying pathology

PROGNOSIS OF VERTIGO

  • Prognosis is based on the cause of the disease, duration  and condition of the patient
  • BPPV  is curable but recurrence is common

COMPLICATIONS OF VERTIGO   

  • Derangement in the daily activities 
  • Risk of falling

VERTIGO AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,vertigo falls under  Vata dosha imbalance disorder called ‘bhrama’.
  • According to Ayurveda, the movements are controlled by ‘vyanavayu’

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF VERTIGO

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, dry, salty, cold food
  • Excessive physical exercise
  • Suppression of natural urges
  • Karna roga – ear problems
  • Excess vitiation of vyana vata

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF VERTIGO

  • The feeling of tiredness (ksheena)

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF VERTIGO

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • The aggravated vyana vata having provoked these two doshas, exacerbated and fills up the empty channels and moves greatly inside them or by getting enveloped by the other doshas.
  • The aggravated vata resides in the head and produces bhrama (vertigo).

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VERTIGO

  • Shirasula – headache
  • Bhrama – vertigo
  • Chardi – vomiting
  • Tantra – dizziness

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF VERTIGO

  • Vertigo associated with traumatic brain injuries, chronic diseases is difficult to cure – krichra sadhya
  • Symptoms are manageable with proper ayurvedic therapies

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR VERTIGO

Ayurvedic local treatment for vertigo

  • Abhyanga – oil massaging
  • Shirodhara
  • Pain-relieving lepa application during headache
  • Karna purana – vilwa tailam

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR VERTIGO

  • Treatment of dosha vitiation
  • Treatment for dhatu kshaya
  • Treatment for agni
  • Medicines which causes anulomana
  • Gandharvahasthadi kashayam
  • Lakshmi vilasa rasa
  • Maha lakshmi vilasa rasa
  • Sarivadi vati

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR VERTIGO

  • Nasya – with anutaila, ghee
  • Virechana – purgation
  • Vasthi – medicated enema

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR VERTIGO

Internal administration

  • Rasnasaptakam Kashayam
  • Dhanwantharam Kashayam
  • Chiruvilwadi Kashayam
  • Dhanadanayanadi Kashayam
  • Ashtavargam Kashayam
  • Gandharvahasthadi kashayam
  • Lakshmi vilasa rasa
  • Vrihat Vata Chintamani Ras
  • Yogendra Ras
  • Rasa Raj Ras
  • Maha lakshmi vilasa rasa
  • Sarivadi vati
  • Aswagandha tablet
  • Brahmi ghritam

HOME REMEDIES FOR VERTIGO

  • Proper rest
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Sleeping for 8hrs
  • Walk with a stick for stability

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR VERTIGO

  • Avoid food items that produce vata and pitta dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Consume less salty foods
  • Avoid heavy exercises which further aggravate the conditions.
  • Oil massage on the head advised. Which alleviates vata dosha
  • Take proper rest
  • Consume a balanced diet

YOGA FOR VERTIGO

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from vertigo

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                             

  • Savasana – relaxes body and mind

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF VERTIGO

  1. Study to evaluate the effect of naradiya laxmi vilas rasa and goghrita nasya in vertigo

https://www.jaims.in/index.php/jaims/article/download/678/516/

  • A case discussion on benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

http://www.journalcra.com/sites/default/files/issue-pdf/10961.pdf

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