IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME (IBS) – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

IBS is a disease affecting the large intestine. It is also known as spastic colon, characterised by a group of symptoms.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF IBS
    • CAUSES OF IBS
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF IBS
    • DIAGNOSIS OF IBS
    • TREATMENTS FOR IBS
    • PROGNOSIS OF IBS
    • COMPLICATIONS OF IBS
    • IBS AND AYURVEDA
    • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF IBS
    • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF IBS
    • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF IBS
    • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF IBS
    • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF IBS
    • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR IBS
    • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR IBS
    • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR IBS
    • HOME REMEDIES FOR IBS
    • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR IBS
    • YOGA FOR IBS
    • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF IBS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF IBS

  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Flatulence
  • Urgent need to defecate
  • Mental irritations

CAUSES OF IBS

  • The exact cause is not known
  • Hereditary factors
  • Diet
  • Malfunctioning of the immune system and nervous system
  • Infections
  • Stress
  • Depression

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF IBS

  • The pathophysiology of IBS is not clear. Many theories have been put forward, but the exact cause of IBS is still uncertain. There is increasing evidence regarding the role of immune activation in the etiology of IBS. Anxiety and depression are also common in IBS.

DIAGNOSIS OF IBS

  • Colonoscopy is the ‘gold standard’ method of detecting intra-luminal colonic lesions. 

·       Stool culture

·       Blood tests

TREATMENTS OF IBS

·       Anti-inflammatory drugs

·       Analgesics

·       Immune suppressors

·       Treatment for diarrhoea

·       Nutrition therapy

·       Behavioural changes

 

PROGNOSIS OF IBS

  • Symptoms are manageable with appropriate dietary and behavioural changes.  

COMPLICATIONS OF IBS

  • Malnutrition
  • Anal fissures
  • Haemorrhoids

IBSAND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,IBS can be managed based on the principle of grahani, atisara and pravahika.
  • Symptomatic treatments are more effective with Ayurvedic medicines

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF IBS

  • Excess consumption of acrid, dry,  ununctuous food
  • Vata and pitta dosha vitiation
  • Suppression of natural urges 
  • Defect in digestion – Agni mandyam
  • Agantu factors – infections

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF IBS

  • SULA – abdominal pain

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF IBS

Due to the causative factors, doshas become vitiated with the predominance of vata and pitta dosha, resides in the intestines and finally IBS is manifested.

LAKSHANA – AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF IBS

  • Anaha – abdominal discomfort
  • Adhmana
  • Atisara – diarrhoea
  • Sula – abdominal colic
  • Vibandha – constipation
  • Pravahana – straining during defaecation

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF IBS

  • Symptoms are manageable with proper Ayurvedic management

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR IBS

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR IBS

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES TREATMENT FOR IBS

Ayurvedic medicines for internal administration for IBS

  • Chiraviwadi kashaya
  • Triphala guggulu
  • Gandhaka rasayana
  • Kutajarishtam
  • Dadimashtaka churna
  • Kapithashtaka churna
  • Varanadi kashaya

HOME REMEDIES FOR IBS

  • Intake of water frequently to avoid dehydration due to diarrhoea
  • Intake of water boiled with coriander and cumin seeds

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR IBS

  • Avoid food items which produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items
  • Intake of more water and dietary fibres.
  • Avoid milk and milk products
  • Avoid a gluten-containing diet
  • Consume buttermilk

YOGA FOR IBS

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and effective in IBS

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                             

  • The practices of shatkriya or yogic cleansing techniques purify the body and prevent digestive problems. 

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF IBS

1.     Management of irritable bowel syndrome through ayurveda: a case study

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335714112_International_Journal_of_Ayurveda_and_Pharma_Research_Case_Study_MANAGEMENT_OF_IRRITABLE_BOWEL_SYNDROME_THROUGH_AYURVEDA_A_CASE_STUDY

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