BRONCHITIS- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Yoga & Pranayama

Bronchitis is a disease affecting the respiratory system. It is the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BRONCHITIS
  • CAUSES OF BRONCHITIS
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF BRONCHITIS
  • DIAGNOSIS OF BRONCHITIS
  • TREATMENTS FOR BRONCHITIS
  • PROGNOSIS OF BRONCHITIS
  • COMPLICATIONS OF BRONCHITIS
  • BRONCHITIS AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF BRONCHITIS
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF BRONCHITIS
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF BRONCHITIS
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BRONCHITIS
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF BRONCHITIS
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR BRONCHITIS
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR BRONCHITIS
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR BRONCHITIS
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR BRONCHITIS
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR BRONCHITIS
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR BRONCHITIS
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR BRONCHITIS
  • YOGA FOR BRONCHITIS
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF BRONCHITIS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BRONCHITIS

  • Breathing difficulty
  • Wheezing
  • cough
  • Production of sputum
  • Fever
  • Chest discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent respiratory infections

CAUSES OF BRONCHITIS

  • Infection of airways
  • Allergies
  • Air pollution
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Occupational exposure to irritants

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF BRONCHITIS

Due to the above-mentioned causes the bronchi are dilated, inflamed, and easily collapsible resulting in airflow obstruction and impaired clearance of secretions.

DIAGNOSIS OF BRONCHITIS

  1. EXAMINATIONS

Auscultation – when listening to the chest with a stethoscope, the doctor may hear abnormal breathing sounds.

  • INVESTIGATIONS
  • X – rays
  • Lung function tests
  • Sputum culture
  • CT Scan – chest
  • Laboratory tests – to find out the underlying pathology

TREATMENTS FOR BRONCHITIS

  • Antibiotics for bacterial bronchitis
  • Expectorants and Mucus-Thinning Medicines
  • Bronchodilators
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Oxygen Therapy

PROGNOSIS OF BRONCHITIS

  • Prognosis is based on the cause of the disease, duration  and condition of the patient

COMPLICATIONS OF BRONCHITIS         

  • Recurrent pneumonia
  • Chronic bronchial infection
  • Respiratory failure
  • Life-threatening hemoptysis 

BRONCHIECTASIS AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,Bronchitis is considered as a disease that occurs in the pranavaha srothas.
  • Bronchitis can be correlated to swasa along with kasa.
  • Ayurveda has several formulations to treat this condition and is in practice with proven efficacy.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF BRONCHITIS

  • Exposure to dust and smoke
  • Residing in a cold place – seeta sthana
  • Use of cold water- seetambu sevana
  • Irregular meals
  • Injury to vital organs – marma ghata
  • Injury to chest – uro abhighata
  • Suppression of natural urges

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF BRONCHITIS

  • Pain in the chest
  • Aversion towards food
  • Restlessness
  • Pain in the flanks
  • Bad taste in the mouth

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF BRONCHITIS

  • Due to the causative factors, pranavata combining with kapha leaves its path and begins to move in the upward direction, giving rise to breathing difficulty, cough etc.

TYPES OF SWASA

  1. Ksudra swasa
  2. Tamaka swasa
  3. China swasa
  4. Maha swasa
  5. Urdwa swasa

TYPES OF KASA

  1. Vata
  2. Pitta
  3. Kapha
  4. Kshataja
  5. Kshayaja

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BRONCHITIS

  • Bronchitis can be called in ayurveda as swasa and kasa
  • Wheezing sound – ghurghuraka
  • Breathing difficulty
  • The chest is full of sputum – vaksha sampoorna
  • Profuse expectorations
  • Viscid sputum

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF BRONCHITIS

  • Swasa and kasa roga is generally sadhya

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR BRONCHITIS

Ayurvedic local treatment for BRONCHITIS

  • Snehana using lavana taila and Svedam – local fermentation

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR BRONCHITIS

  • Eladkanadi Kashayam
  • Vyaghriyadi Kashayam
  • Agasthya Rasayanam
  • Kooshmanada Rasayanam
  • Karpooradi Churna
  • Hinguvachadi Churna
  • Thalisadi Choorna
  • Pippali Choorna           
  • Haridra Khanda
  • Guduchi Satwa
  • Kantakari Ghrutha
  • Dhatri Loha
  • Kanakasava +Pushkaramoolasava
  • Tribhuvana Keerthi Rasa
  • Dashamoola Katuthrayam Kashaya
  • Shwasa Kutara Rasa

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR BRONCHITIS

  • Dasamoola nirooha basthi is best in vata kapha roga chikitsa
  • Vamana
  • virechana

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR BRONCHITIS

Internal administration

  • Thalisadi Choorna        
  • Haridra Khanda
  • Kantakari Ghrutha
  • Datri Loha
  • Kanakasava
  • Tribhuvana Keerthi Rasa
  • Dashamoola Katuthrayam Kashaya
  • Shwasa Kutara Rasa
  • Vyaghri hareetaki avaleha

External application

  • Karpooradi taila application on chest region during breathing difficulty

HOME REMEDIES FOR BRONCHITIS

  • Heat application on the chest area by a towel dipped with hot water
  • Steam inhalation

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR BRONCHITIS

  • Avoid food items which produce kapha, vataa dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because kapha, vata imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items
  • Avoid heavy diet at bedtime.
  • Avoid drinking water immediately after food.
  • Avoid heavy exercises.

YOGA FOR BRONCHITIS

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – cleans the respiratory passage

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                              Video:  https://youtu.be/d324ZzE-uXc

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF BRONCHITIS

1.     Clinical efficacy of Vyaghriharitaki Avaleha in the management of chronic bronchitis

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4687240/

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