BURNS – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Yoga & Pranayama

      Burns are the damage to the skin or deeper tissues due to thermal, electrical and chemical sources.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BURNS
  • CAUSES OF BURNS
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF BURNS
  • DIAGNOSIS OF BURNS
  • TREATMENTS FOR BURNS
  • PROGNOSIS OF BURNS
  • COMPLICATIONS OF BURNS
  • BURNS AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF BURNS
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF BURNS
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF BURNS
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BURNS
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF BURNS
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR BURNS
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR BURNS
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR BURNS
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR BURNS
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR BURNS
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR BURNS
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR BURNS
  • YOGA FOR BURNS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BURNS

  • Signs and symptoms are based on the degree of burns
  • First degree burns are the less severe type of burn, affecting only the outer layer of skin. 
  • In second-degree burns, blisters are formed and are painful.
  • Third-degree burns cause damage to all layers of the skin.
  • The general symptoms are;
  • Blister formation
  • Peeling of skin
  • Discolouration
  • Sweating
  • Redness around the burns
  • Pain on touch
  • Inflammation around the burns

CAUSES OF BURNS

  • Fire
  • Hot liquid or steam
  • Hot objects
  • Sunburn
  • Electricity
  • Strong radiations
  • Chemicals such as strong acids

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF BURNS

Heat causes coagulation necrosis of skin and subcutaneous tissue. The increased microvascular permeability and vascular dilatation lead to oedema. In severe burns, hypovolaemia may occur due to loss of fluids.

DIAGNOSIS OF BURNS

  • History taking
  • Degree and severity of burns is diagnosed by the proper inspection of the site.

TREATMENTS FOR BURNS

  • Application of creams and ointments
  • Antibiotics – to prevent bacterial infection
  • Iv fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Treatment for pain and inflammation

PROGNOSIS OF BURNS

  • Prognosis of burns is based on the severity and degree of burns

COMPLICATIONS OF BURNS        

  • Permanent skin damage
  • Organ damage
  • Hypovolemia
  • Infections

BURNS AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,burns can be managed based on the treatment of ‘dagdha vrana’ and ‘pitta vridhi’

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF BURNS

  • Agni – fire
  • Ushna jala – hot water
  • Ushna taila – hot oil
  • Overexposure to sunlight

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF BURNS

  • Inflammatory reactions in the skin

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF BURNS

Due to the causative factors, pitta dosha becomes vitiated and further vitiates the rakta dhatu . This causes paka(inflammation) that leads to blisters, burning pain, rashes.

Types of dagdha vrana are;

  • Plushta – the pigmented area with a severe burning sensation
  • Durdagdha – the appearance of blisters
  • Samyak dagdha – bluish back colour
  • Atidagdha – severe burns

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BURNS

  • Daha – burning sensation
  • Sopha – inflammation
  • Rakta varna – reddish colour
  • Jwara – fever
  • Trishna – thirst

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF BURNS

  • Prognosis is based on the stage of dagdha vrana 

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR BURNS

Ayurvedic local treatment for burns

  • Murivenna
  • Lepa – with cooling drugs like a paste of chandana, ramacha, lodhradi churna on the affected area (not much thick, not during at night, avoid drying)
  • Pindataila
  • Jatyadi taila
  • Shatadoutha ghrita
  • Tankana malahara
  • Atasyadi lepa

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR BURNS

  • Guduchyadi kashaya
  • Avipatti churna 
  • Punarnavadi kashayam
  • Sarivasava – after food
  • Patoladi kashayam
  • Shadangam toyam
  • Amritottaram kashayam

AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR BURNS

  • Virechana – purgation

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR BURNS

Internal administration

  • Sarivasava
  • Chandanasava
  • Guduchyadi kashaya
  • Punarnavadi kashayam
  • Patoladi kashayam
  • Amritottaram Kashayam
  • Satadaudha Ghrutham
  • Brahmi Ghrutham

HOME REMEDIES FOR BURNS

  • Wear loose dress
  • Application of aloe vera gel on the site of burns
  • Intake of gooseberry – cools the body
  • If the burn is much severe consult a physician

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR BURNS

  • Avoid food items which produce dosha imbalance like cold, acrid, sour and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Intake of proper amounts of fluids

YOGA FOR BURNS

  • Nadi shuddi pranayam    – calms the mind and cools the body

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                              Video:  https://youtu.be/d324ZzE-uXc

  • Bhastrika pranayama
  • Sheetali pranayama

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