KALYANAKAM GHRUTHAM- Benefits, Ingredients, Indications, Dosage, Usage, Preparation, Side effects, Equivalent Medicines, Research Papers

Kalyanakam ghrutham is a formulation said in Ashtanga hridaya Unmada chikitsa. It is famous for its action in brain like boosting memory, intelligence etc.  This ghee is used in preconceptional treatment to get a healthy progeny. Ghee is generally given to male partner because it improves the quality and quantity of semen. It is used for snehapana (oleation) prior to elimination therapy (panchakarma) in psychiatric disorders and infertility.

INDICATIONS of Kalyanakam Ghrutham

The indications include,

  • Psychiatric diseases
  • Seizure disorders
  • Anaemia
  • Infertility
  • Lack of intelligence and poor concentration
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Poisoning                                                                                       

INGREDIENTS AND METHOD OF PREPARATION of Kalyanakam Ghrutham

Sl. No.English nameSanskrit nameLatin NameProportion
1Chebulic MyrobalanHaritakiTerminalia chebula12 g
2Indian gooseberryAmalakiPhyllanthus emblica12 g
3Belleric myrobalanVibhitakiTerminalia bellerica12 g
4Colocynth, bitter appleVisalaCitrulus colocynthis12 g
5Black cardamomBadrailaAmomum subulatum12 g
6Himalyan cidarDevadaruCedrus deodara12 g
7Tart cherryElavalukamPrunus avium12 g
8Indian sarasapillaSaribaHemidesmus indicus12 g
9Black variety of Indian sarasapillaUtpalasaribhaIchnocarpus frutescens12 g
10TurmericHaridraCurcuma longa12 g
11Indian beriberiDaruharidraBerberis aristata12 g
12Indian urariaPrisniparniDesmodium gangeticum12 g
13Sal leaved desmodiumSalaparniPseudarthria viscida12 g
14BeutyberryPhaliniCallicarpa macrophylla12 g
15Indian ValerianNataValeriana jatamansi12 g
16Indian night shadeBrihatiSolanum anguivi12 g
17Indian Costus rootKushtaSaussurea costus12 g
18Indian MadderManjishtaRubia cordifolia12 g
19Cobra,s saffronNagakesaraMesua ferrea12 g
20PomegranateDadimaPunica granatum12 g
21Embelia or false black pepperVellaEmbelia ribes12 g
22Himalayan Silver firTalisapatraAbies spectabilis12 g
23CardamomElaElettaria cardamomum12 g
24Spanish jasmineMalatimukulaJasminum grandiflorum12 g
25White water lilyUtpalaKaempferia rotunda12 g
26Wild castor, red physic nutDantiBAliospermum montanum12 g
27Bird cherryPadmakaPrunus cerasoides12 g
28Sandal woodHimaSantalum album12 g
29Cow’s gheeGhrutham1 prastha (768 ml)
30WaterJalam4 prastha (3072 ml)

METHOD OF PREPARATION

The drugs said were taken in 12 g each and made into very fine powder. This was taken in a vessel to which 3,072 ml (water is four times the quantity of ghrita) was added and mixed well. Then 768 ml of ghee was added and cooking done on mild fire with constant stirring. The cooking was continued till the paste of drug attains a form when it can be rolled into a wick without breakage. This ghee was then filtered through a clean dry cloth and stored well. The ghee collected in madhyama paka (kalka attains a stage of rolling into a wick) because the formulation is used for internal administration.

PROPERTIES OF INGREDIENTS

Sl. No.IngredientsProperties
 HaritakiIt is having hot potency, improves colour of skin, promotes bowel movement, improves intelligence, relieves inflammation, improve vision, intelligence and memory. It is having rejuvinative, digestive properties.
 AmalakiIt is the best among anti-ageing herbs. It improves vision, balances tridoshas (three bodily humours), anti-diabetic, and aphrodisiac. It improve voice, cures burning sensation, fever, and strengthens immune system.
 VibhitakiBalances Kapha and Pitta dosha. It is cold to touch but have hot potency. It cures fever, and cough. It is having antioxidant, antimicrobial, antidiarrheal, anti-hypertensive, hepato-protective and antipyretic activities.
 VisalaAlleviate the vitiated kapha and pitta dosha. It is used in the treatment of jaundice, splenomegaly, ascites, respiratory diseases, cough, skin disease, wounds and diabetes.
 BadrailaBalances kapha vata dosha. It is used in the treatment of anorexia, gouty arthritis, nausea, thirst, headache, diseases of urinary tract, vomiting, throat pain.
 DevadaruAlleviates vitiated kapha vata dosha. This has the properties like cleansing of wounds, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, febrifuge, anti-pruritic actions. It is used in the treatment of worm infections, fever, asthma, diabetes, etc. it is used in the treatment of obesity also.
 ElavalukamThis is an aromatic Ayurveda drugs, which balances kapha vata dosha. It is used in the treatment of cardiac and urinary diseases. It is having anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and antioxidant actions. It acts as an immunomodulator. 
 SaribaIt alleviates vitiated tridoshas, and has anti allergic, anti-toxic and blood purifying action. It is having kushtagna (antileprotic ), jwaragna (febrifuge), balya (nourishing) actions
 UtpalasaribhaIt has similar actions like Sariba. It is having cold potency. It alleviates vitiated tridoshas, and has anti allergic, anti-toxic and blood purifying action. It is having kushtagna (antileprotic ), jwaragna (febrifuge), balya (nourishing) actions
 HaridraAlleviates Kapha pitta doshas, it is having anti allergic, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. It is having kandughna (cures itching), kushtanghna (anti-leprotic action), vishaghna (antitoxic effect) properties
 DaruharidraIt possesses a peculiar antioxidant activity and balances Kapha pitta dosha. It has similar benefits like turmeric and is useful in treating wounds, diabetes, skin diseases, inflammation, poisoning. It relives spasmodic abdominal pain and leucorrhoea and menorrhagia. 
 PrisniparniIt cures vitiation of tridoshas. It is having antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antiemetic, and aphrodisiac and wound healing properties.
 SalaparniAlleviate vata pitta dosha.it is having antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, digestive, febrifuge and anticatarrhal actions. It is used in the treatment of oedema, cough, asthma, vomiting, fever, diarrhoea, worm infection and haemorrhoids.
 PhaliniIt balances all the vitiated doshas. It has the effect of curing bad odour, excess sweating and dryness. It cures burning sensation, fever, excessive thirst, poisoning, delusion, vomiting and dizziness.
 NataIt balances all vitiated doshas especially kapha vata samana (alleviates kapha and vata). It is useful psychiatric disorders, intoxication, epilepsy, poisoning and headache. It cures blood impurities, skin deses and diseases of eyes.
 BrihatiAlleviate vata kapha dosha. It has properties like carminative, aphrodisiac, cardiac tonic, analgesic, antipyretic and expectorant actions.
 KushtaIt balances kapha due to its bitter taste and vata due to its hot potency. It is used for external application for headache, toothache, gouty arthritis and rheumatic arthritis. It increases sperm count, cures cough, skin diseases, fever, and epilepsy.
 ManjishtaIt alleviates vitiated pitta kapha dosha, astringent and bitter taste, purifies blood, imparts colour to the body, cures ulcer, diabetes, and skin diseases. It is also proved to have anthelminthic and anti-diabetic actions.
 NagakesaraNagakesara balances deranged kapha pitta dosha. It is especially useful in treating diseases of urinary tract, poisoning, swelling or oedema, fever and thirst. It is having anti-pruritic, and digestive actions. It is used in treating male infertility.
 DadimaThis is a fruit with innumerable properties. It alleviates all the vitiated doshas. It is advised during fever, thirst and burning sensation. It increases sperm count and a natural aphrodisiac.
 VellaThis is the best drug in treating worm infestation. Useful in treating skin diseases, diabetes, skin diseases, colic pain, bloating, abdominal distension. It helps in expulsion of doshas (vitiated humours) from the head.
 TalisapatraThis drug is famous in treatment of cough, cold and respiratory diseases. It improves digestion and acts as cardio tonic. It cures diseases of mouth, anorexia, bloating, indigestion and vomiting.  
 ElaThis is used as spice. It is having excellent antioxidant property. Alleviates vitiated vata kapha dosha. It relieves dysuria and urinary retention. Cures cough, respiratory diseases, anorexia, neuralgia, burning sensation. Used to cure vomiting, IBS, bloating, etc.
 MalatimukulaAlleviates Tridosha, it is having hot potency, bitter and astringent tastes. It is good for eyes, has anti-toxic effect, and cures ulcers. It is proved to have antiseptic and anthelminthic properties.
 UtpalaBalances pitta kapha dosha. This is efficient in curing diarrhoea, colitis, IBS. Useful in bleeding disorders, burning sensation of eyes, neuropathy, fatigue, etc.
 DantiThe drug spreads very easily throughout body and has a quick action. It is used in the treatment of wounds, skin diseases, cough, asthma, neuralgia, ascitis, oedema, haemorrhoids, etc.
 PadmakaIt is used to treat skin diseases, burning sensation, herpes, excessive thirst, fever, vomiting, bleeding disorders, vomiting, and dizziness. It has action in insanity, and acts to protect pregnancy.
 HimaIt is famous for fragrance property and so relieves bad odour. Cures gastritis and burning sensation in hands and feet. It balances kapha and pitta dosha. Relieves tiredness, fatigue, and psychiatric disorders like Mania, Schizophrenia, etc.

          .

DOSAGE:

5 to 10 g is advised twice daily with hot water as adjuvent. Dose and adjuvent can be changed considering the health status of patient and the disease.

EXERCISE AND YOGA

The yoga, meditation and pranayama can be done which is conducive to the disease in which Kalyanaka ghrutham is given. Usually the practice of yoga and meditation can maintain a healthy mental status. The desirable postures are,

  • Sooryanamaskara
  • Gomukhasana
  • Ardhamatsyendrasana
  • Padmasana
  • Vajrasana
  • Setubandhasana
  • Halasana
  • Anuloma viloma pranayama

These are also desirable in increasing sperm count.

PATHYA AHARAS AND VIHARAS

No specific congenial food or regimens are specified in the formulation. But according to the disease in which the ghee is given the dietary advice can be given. It is desirable to eat light easy to digest and hot food.

CONTRAINDICATED CONDITIONS

It is desirable to avoid smoking, alcohol, junk foods, fried, dry foods, night awakening, day sleep, etc.

SIDE EFFECTS

No side effects are noticed. In Patients with dyslipidaemia, hypertension, and cardiac ailments frequent monitoring is necessary. It is always advisable to take the under doctors’ advice only.

REFERENCE:

RESEARCH ARTICLES

https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1143

http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/33008/1/IJTK%2014%284%29%20519-524.pdf

https://www.jrasccras.com/doi/JRAS/pdf/10.5005/jras-10064-0086

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342020015_Clinical_Evaluation_of_Kalyanaka_Ghrita_in_the_Management_of_Cognitive_Deficit_in_Children

Click to access 195_201.pdf

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