Ayurvedic Treatment for Quinsy

Quinsy or peritonsillar abscess is a complication of acute tonsillitis in which pus collects in the peritonsillar space. It is the most common deep infection of the head & neck, occurring primarily in young adults and affects around 12 per 100,000 people in England. Usually, it follows a tonsilitis episode when the infection spreads from swollen tonsil to the surrounding area. It happens mostly as a unilateral presentation.

Signs & symptoms of Quinsy

  • sore throat usually on one side.
  • a high fever of 38C (100.4F) or above.
  • difficulty opening the mouth.
  • pain when swallowing.
  • difficulty swallowing.
  • changes to the voice or difficulty speaking.
  • bad breath.
  • drooling saliva due to difficulty swallowing.

Causes of Quinsy

Followed by a bacterial infection to the tonsils, mostly by Haemophilus influenzae and streptococcus bacteria, particularly streptococcus pyogenes.

Pathophysiology of Quinsy

The exact pathophysiology of peritonsillar abscess is not known yet. Theories suggest that an infection develops in crypta magna, then spreads beyond the brims of the tonsillar capsule, initially causing peritonsilitis and then into a peritonsillar abscess.

Another theory is of necrosis and pus formation in the capsule which then blocks the webers glands, leading to abscess formation. These are minor salivary glands in peritonsillar space which are responsible for clearing debris from the tonsillar area. The occurrence of peritonsillar abscess in patients who have undergone tonsillectomy further support this theory.

Diagnosis of Quinsy

Clinical examination

Ultrasonography

computed tomographic scan

Needle aspiration

Treatments of Quinsy

Medical:

  • Antipyretics
  • Analgesics
  • Antibiotics

Surgical:

  • Incision & Drainage of abscess
  • Tonsillectomy

Prognosis of Quinsy

Peritonsilar abscess shows a good prognosis with proper treatment. In most cases, it recovers within a few days. A few show recurrence, requiring tonsillectomy.

Complications of Quinsy

Rare complications of a peritonsillar abscess include:

  • Parapharyngeal abscess
  • Retropharyngeal abscess
  • Laryngeal oedema leading to airway compromise
  • Rarely pneumonia or lung abscess following aspiration of a ruptured abscess.
  • Sepsis

Ayurvedic Concept of Quinsy

        Gala-vidradhi

Ayurvedic Nidana of Quinsy

        Kapha vitiation foods and habits.

Ayurvedic Purvaaroopa of Quinsy

        Not mentioned

Ayurvedic Samprapti of Quinsy

        Food and habits vitiating Kapha, increases Kapha and it obstructs Vata and vitiates Vata. Vitiated two doshas inturn impair third dosha- Pitta and thus all three doshas are vitiated.

Ayurvedic Lakshana of Quinsy

        Abscess in the throat with severe pain & fever

            The fast spread of infection and pus formation

            Foul-smelling pus discharge from the abscess

Ayurvedic Divisions of Quinsy

            Not mentioned

Ayurvedic Prognosis of Quinsy

            Kricchrasadhya- Difficult to treat

Ayurvedic Chikithsa of Quinsy

Samana

Lepanam with Rookshana dravya

Gandoosha

Sodhana

Bhedana

Sraavana

Then treatment of wound should be done

Commonly used Ayurvedic medicines for Quinsy

        Varanadi kashayam

            Dasamulakaduthryam Kashayam

            Chitrakadi Kashayam

            Chiruvilwadi Kashayam

            Gugguluthiktakam Kashayam

            Guggulupanchapalachoornam

            Amruthotharam kashayam

            Kanchanaraguggulu

            Rasnadi choornam

Brands available

AVS Kottakal

AVP Coimbatore

SNA oushadhasala

Vaidyaratnam oushadhasala

Home remedies for Quinsy

Applying turmeric paste

Lose excess weight and shred off the excess fat

Apple cider vinegar intake

Avoid intake of fat in food

Take enough omega 3 fatty acids

Diet for Quinsy

  • To be avoided

Heavy meals and difficult to digest foods – cause indigestion.

Junk foods- cause disturbance in digestion and reduces the bioavailability of the medicine

Carbonated drinks – makes the stomach more acidic and disturbed digestion

Refrigerated and frozen foods – causes weak and sluggish digestion by weakening Agni (digestive fire)

Milk and milk products – increase kapha, obstruct channels and respiratory tract infections

Curd – causes vidaaha and thereby many other diseases

  • To be added

Light meals and easily digestible foods

Green gram, soups, honey

Freshly cooked and warm food processed with minimal spices

Behaviour:

Protect yourself from the cold climate.

Better to avoid exposure to excessive sunlight wind rain or dust.

Maintain a regular food and sleep schedule.

Avoid holding or forcing the urges like urine, faeces, cough, sneeze etc.

Avoid a sedentary lifestyle.

Yoga for Quinsy

Regular stretching and mild cardio exercises are advised after the infection is cured. Also, specific yogacharya including naadisuddhi pranayama, bhujangaasana, pavanamuktasana is recommended.

Regular exercise helps improve the bioavailability of the medicine and food ingested and leads to positive health.

 Yoga can maintain harmony within the body and with the surrounding system.

Pavanamuktasana

Nadisudhi pranayama

Bhujangasana

Simple exercises for lungs and heart health

All the exercises and physical exertions must be decided and done under the supervision of a medical expert only.

Research articles of Quinsy

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK519520/#_article-27029_s5_

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK519520/#_article-27029_s10_

  • PMID: 29110574

Objective This study was performed to determine whether the efficacy and safety of medical management of uncomplicated peritonsillar abscess (PTA) presenting in the emergency department is equivalent to medical plus surgical therapy. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Southern California Permanente Medical Group (SCPMG). Subjects and Methods Upon successful completion of a prospective study comparing medical treatment (MT) to surgical treatment (ST) of PTA in 2008, MT was adopted by 12 SCPMG centers while 7 centers continued standard surgical drainage. Clinical outcomes are now reviewed on a random sampling of 211 patients with PTA treated with MT and 96 patients treated with ST between 2008 and 2013 at the respective medical centers. Patients were treated with intravenous (IV) fluids, weight-appropriate IV ceftriaxone, clindamycin, and dexamethasone, and then discharged on clindamycin × 10 days (MT). Patients in the ST group received MT but also surgical drainage. Primary end points were complication rates and failure rates. Results MT and ST resulted in no significant difference in treatment success or complications. However, patients in the MT group obtained significantly less liquid opioid prescriptions (MT, 30.8 ± 5.65; ST, 77.75 ± 13.41; P < .0001), reported fewer sore days (MT, 4.48 ± 0.27; ST, 5.77 ± 0.49; P = .0004), and required less days off from work (MT, 3.4 ± 0.44; ST, 4.9 ± 0.82; P = .044). Conclusions Compared to ST, MT appears to be equally safe and efficacious, with less pain, opioid use, and days off work, especially if patients with PTA present without trismus. MT for PTAs reduces the possibility of surgical complications, as well as the cost and inconvenience associated with ST.

  • PMID: 23794382

Objectives/hypothesis: Sore throat is a common, benign emergency department (ED) presentation; however, peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is a complication that requires aggressive management. Use of systemic corticosteroids (SCSs) in PTA is occurring without clear evidence of benefit. This study examined the efficacy and safety of SCS treatment for patients with PTA.

Study design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Methods: A controlled trial with concealed allocation and double-blinding was conducted at two Canadian EDs. Following written informed consent, eligible patients received 48 hours of intravenous clindamycin and a single dose of the study drug (dexamethasone [DEX] or placebo [PLAC], intravenously [IV]). Follow-up occurred at 24 hours, 48 hours, and 7 days. The primary outcome was pain; other outcomes were side effects and return to normal activities/diet.

Results: A total of 182 patients were screened for eligibility; 41 patients were enrolled (21 DEX; 20 PLAC). At 24 hours, those receiving DEX reported lower pain scores (1.4 vs. 5.1; P = .009); however, these differences disappeared by 48 hours (P = .22) and 7 days (P = .4). At 24 hours, more patients receiving DEX returned to normal activities (33% vs. 11%) and dietary intake (38% vs 25%); however, these differences were not significant and disappeared by 48 hours and 7 days. Side effects were rare and did not differ between groups (P > .05).

Conclusions: Combined with PTA drainage and IV antibiotics, 10 mg IV DEX resulted in less pain at 24 hours when compared to PLAC, without any serious side effects. This effect is short-lived, and further research is required on factors associated with PTA treatment success.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, United States. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Please consult your GP before the intake. All the Ayurveda Supplements mentioned here are in the Indian Market with GMP Certification from India

Writer:
Dr. Rajesh Nair, the co-founder and chief consultant of Ayurvedaforall.Com, is a graduate of prestigious Vaidyaratnam Ayurveda College (affiliated with the University of Calicut), Kerala, India. Additionally, he holds a Postgraduate Diploma in Yoga Therapy from Annamalai University.

Dr. Nair offers consultation at two busy clinics in and around Haripad, Alleppey, Kerala, the southern state famous worldwide for authentic ayurvedic treatment and physicians. While offering consultation on all aspects of ayurvedic treatments Dr. Nair has a special interest in Panchkarma, Yoga, and Massage.

Through Ayurvedaforall Dr. Nair offers online consultation to patients worldwide and has served hundreds of patients over the last 20 years. In addition to his Ayurvedic practice, he is the chief editor of ayurveda-amai.org, the online portal of Ayurveda Medical Association of India, and the state committee member of Ayurveda Medical Association of India.

Dr. Nair is a regular speaker at Ayurveda-related conferences and has visited Germany to propagate Ayurveda. You can write directly to him-
rajesh@ayurvedaforall.com

Whatsapp – +91 9446918019, +91 8075810816

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