Atelectasis- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Atelectasis is a disease affecting the respiratory system. Atelectasis is the condition in which the air sacs in the lungs collapse and do not expand properly. It is one of the complications of anaesthesia. It is also called ‘collapsed lung’.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ATELECTASIS
  • CAUSES OF ATELECTASIS
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ATELECTASIS
  • DIAGNOSIS OF ATELECTASIS
  • TREATMENTS FOR ATELECTASIS
  • PROGNOSIS OF ATELECTASIS
  • COMPLICATIONS OF ATELECTASIS
  • ATELECTASIS AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF ATELECTASIS
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF ATELECTASIS
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF ATELECTASIS
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ATELECTASIS
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF ATELECTASIS
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR ATELECTASIS
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR ATELECTASIS
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR ATELECTASIS
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR ATELECTASIS
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR ATELECTASIS
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR ATELECTASIS
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR ATELECTASIS
  • YOGA FOR ATELECTASIS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ATELECTASIS

  • Breathing difficulty
  • Wheezing
  • cough
  • Fever
  • Shallow breathing
  • Chest discomfort
  • Increased heart rate

CAUSES OF ATELECTASIS

  • Complication of anaesthesia
  • Blockage in the airway
  • Lung cancer
  • Increased chest pressure due to various reasons
  • Pneumonia
  • Pleural effusions

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ATELECTASIS

Due to the above-mentioned causes the airway and air sacs get collapsed, they cannot inflate properly and cannot take in adequate oxygen leads to the manifestation of symptoms.

DIAGNOSIS OF ATELECTASIS

  1. EXAMINATIONS

Auscultation – when listening to the chest with a stethoscope, the doctor may hear abnormal breathing sounds.

  • INVESTIGATIONS
  • X – rays
  • Lung function tests
  • CT Scan – chest
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Laboratory tests – to find out the underlying pathology

TREATMENTS FOR ATELECTASIS

  • Breathing exercises
  • Remove the blockage in the airways
  • Oxygen Therapy
  • Medications and surgical interventions for the underlying pathology

PROGNOSIS OF ATELECTASIS

  • Prognosis is based on the severity of the disease, duration  and condition of the patient

COMPLICATIONS OF ATELECTASIS      

  • Pneumonia
  • Respiratory failure
  • Hypoxemia

BRONCHIECTASIS AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,atelectasis is considered a disease that occurs in the pranavaha srothas.
  • Atelectasis can be correlated to swasa along with kasa.
  • Ayurveda has several formulations to treat this condition.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF ATELECTASIS

  • Exposure to dust and smoke
  • Residing in a cold place – seeta sthana
  • Use of cold water- seetambu sevana
  • Irregular meals
  • Injury to vital organs – marma ghata
  • Injury to chest – uro abhighata
  • Suppression of natural urges

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF ATELECTASIS

  • Pain in the chest
  • Aversion towards food
  • Restlessness
  • Pain in the flanks
  • Bad taste in the mouth

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF ATELECTASIS

  • Due to the causative factors, pranavata combined with kapha leaves its path and begins to move in the upward direction, giving rise to breathing difficulty, cough etc.

TYPES OF SWASA

  1. Ksudra swasa
  2. Tamaka swasa
  3. China swasa
  4. Maha swasa
  5. Urdwa swasa

TYPES OF KASA

  1. Vata
  2. Pitta
  3. Kapha
  4. Kshataja
  5. Kshayaja

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ATELECTASIS

  • Atelectasis can be called in ayurveda as swasa and kasa
  • Ghurghuraka – Wheezing sound
  • Swasa – Breathing difficulty
  • Kasa – cough
  • Jwara – mild fever

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF ATELECTASIS

  • Swasa and kasa roga is generally sadhya

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR ATELECTASIS

Ayurvedic local treatment for atelectasis

  • Snehana using lavana taila and Svedam – local fermentation on the chest

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR ATELECTASIS

  • Thalisadi Choorna
  • Pippali Choorna           
  • Haridra Khanda
  • Guduchi Satwa
  • Kantakari Ghrutha
  • Datri Loha
  • Kanakasava +Pushkaramoolasava
  • Tribhuvana Keerthi Rasa
  • Dashamoola Katuthrayam Kashaya
  • Shwasa Kutara Rasa

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR ATELECTASIS

  • Dasamoola nirooha basthi is best in vata kapha roga chikitsa
  • Vamana
  • virechana

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR ATELECTASIS

Internal administration

  • Thalisadi Choorna        
  • Haridra Khanda
  • Kantakari Ghrutha
  • Datri Loha
  • Kanakasava
  • Tribhuvana Keerthi Rasa
  • Dashamoola Katuthrayam Kashaya
  • Shwasa Kutara Rasa
  • Vyaghri hareetaki avaleha

External application

  • Karpooradi taila application on chest region during breathing difficulty

HOME REMEDIES FOR ATELECTASIS

  • Heat application on the chest area with a towel dipped in hot water
  • Steam inhalation

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR ATELECTASIS

  • Avoid food items that produce kapha, vataa dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because kapha, vata imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items
  • Avoid a heavy diet at bedtime.
  • Avoid drinking water immediately after food.
  • Avoid heavy exercises.

YOGA FOR ATELECTASIS

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – cleans the respiratory passage

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, and the body relaxed. The patient has to close one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, United States. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Please consult your GP before the intake.

Dr. Rajesh Nair, Expert, Ayurveda Medicine, India

Writer:
Dr. Rajesh Nair, the co-founder and chief consultant of Ayurvedaforall.Com, is a graduate of prestigious Vaidyaratnam Ayurveda College (affiliated with the University of Calicut), Kerala, India. Additionally, he holds a Postgraduate Diploma in Yoga Therapy from Annamalai University.

Dr. Nair offers consultation at two busy clinics in and around Haripad, Alleppey, Kerala, the southern state famous worldwide for authentic ayurvedic treatment and physicians. While offering consultation on all aspects of ayurvedic treatments Dr. Nair has a special interest in Panchkarma, Yoga, and Massage.

Through Ayurvedaforall Dr. Nair offers online consultation to patients worldwide and has served hundreds of patients over the last 20 years. In addition to his Ayurvedic practice, he is the chief editor of ayurveda-amai.org, the online portal of Ayurveda Medical Association of India, and the state committee member of Ayurveda Medical Association of India.

Dr. Nair is a regular speaker at Ayurveda-related conferences and has visited Germany to propagate Ayurveda. You can write directly to him-
rajesh@ayurvedaforall.com

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