TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Trigeminal neuralgia is a painful condition manifested as a result of dysfunction of the trigeminal nerve. The trigeminal nerve is the fifth cranial nerve responsible for sensation in the face and motor functions such as biting and chewing; it is the most complex of the cranial nerves.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • CAUSES OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • DIAGNOSIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • TREATMENTS FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • PROGNOSIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • COMPLICATIONS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • YOGA FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Excruciating pain on any side of the face, head
  • Spasm of the facial muscles
  • Pain may radiate to other areas of your face and neck
  • Pain around the eye may also found
  • Pain triggered by touch, chewing, biting, brushing, smiling etc
  • The pain usually manifested in the one side of the face
  • The intensity of pain lasted for few seconds to several minutes

CAUSES OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Ageing
  • Brain lesions
  • Injuries
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Compression of the trigeminal nerve

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

The pathophysiology of trigeminal neuralgia is based on different mechanisms. Generally, the pressure exerted on the trigeminal nerve causes symptoms. Nerve compression occurs due to the above-mentioned causes. It is triggered by even mild touch to the face.

DIAGNOSIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Proper history taking
  • Physical examinations
  • Neurological examinations
  • Imaging techniques like CT scan and MRI

TREATMENTS FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Pain-relieving medications
  • Anti-seizure medications
  • Microvascular decompression
  • Surgical interventions

PROGNOSIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • In primary trigeminal neuralgia, symptoms are manageable with medications
  • Prognosis of secondary trigeminal neuralgia is based on the underlying pathology

COMPLICATIONS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA        

  • Frequent attacks of excruciating pain interfere with the daily activities and lifestyle
  • Vision problems
  • Facial numbness

TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIAAND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,trigeminal neuralgia is managed based on the ‘ shirasoola chikilsa’ particularly ‘ananthavata’.
  • As per ayurveda the types of shirasoola are vatika, paithika, kaphaja, sannipathika, krimija suryavarta, anandavata, ardhavabhedaka, shankhaka

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, dry, acrid, cold food
  • Excessive physical exercise
  • Suppression of natural urges
  • Agantufactors  – injuries

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • pain on anywhere in the face after mild trigger

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • Due to the causative factors doshas excessively aggravated.
  • The aggravated doshas reside in the head and face and produce pain.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Pain on the head – shirasthoda
  • Excruciating pain on face, head, eyes – ananthavata 
  • Pain on half part of the head – ardhavabhedaka
  • Radiating pain towards face and neck – vatika shirasula
  • Burning sensation – shiro daha ( paithika shirasula)
  • Shirogouravam – heaviness ( kaphaja shirasula)

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Symptoms are manageable with ayurvedic medications
  • As per ayurveda a type of shirasoola called shankhaka is incurable

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

Ayurvedic local treatment for trigeminal neuralgia

  • Svedam – local fermentation
  • Pain-relieving lepa application
  • Shirodhara
  • Murdhataila – oil massage on the head
  • Shiropichu – chandanadi tailam

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Pathyashadangam kashayam
  • Brahmi vati
  • Shirasuladi vajra rasa
  • Lakshmivilasa rasa
  • For head massaging – lakshadi tailam, manjishtadi tailam, rasnadi tailam, thenginpushpadi thaila, thungadrumadi tailam

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • NASYA- anu taila, shadbindhu taila

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

Internal administration

HOME REMEDIES FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Drinking an adequate quantity of water

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Avoid food items that produce vata , pitta dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, acrid, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items, cow’s milk
  • Practice regular exercise
  • Oil massage on the head is advised. Which alleviates vata dosha
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind, cleans the respiration and gets relief from  aches

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                         

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA

  1. Ayurvedic Management of Trigeminal Neuralgia A Case Report with respect to Anantha Vata

https://www.ijam.co.in/index.php/ijam/article/download/08282017/412/

  • Effect of Successful Outcome of Ayurvedic Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia: A Case Study

http://jmscr.igmpublication.org/home/index.php/current-issue/3261-effect-of-successful-outcome-of-ayurvedic-treatment-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-case-study

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