THROMBOCYTOPENIA – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Thrombocytopenia is the abnormally low levels of thrombocytes (platelets) in the blood. A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. Having more than 450,000 platelets is a condition called thrombocytosis; having less than 150,000 is known as thrombocytopenia. 

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • CAUSES OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • DIAGNOSIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • TREATMENTS FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • PROGNOSIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • COMPLICATIONS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • THROMBOCYTOPENIA AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • YOGA FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Delay in the clotting of blood after bleeding
  • Gum bleeding
  • Epistaxis
  • Blood in vomit and stools
  • Blood in urine
  • Purpura
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain

CAUSES OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Leukaemia
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Aplastic anaemia
  • Splenic enlargement
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Certain medications
  • Dengue fever

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

Due to the above-mentioned causes, platelet count decreases lead to delayed blood clotting. There is a chance of bleeding through the mucous membrane and skin.

DIAGNOSIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Platelet count
  • Complete blood count
  • Bleeding time
  • Clotting time
  • Bone marrow biopsy
  • USG scan
  • CT scan

TREATMENTS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Blood transfusion
  • Oral corticosteroids
  • Fluid supplementation
  • Treatment for underlying pathology

PROGNOSIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

Generally, the symptoms are manageable. In the case of severe thrombocytopenia need for a special medical emergency.

COMPLICATIONS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Dangerous internal bleeding

THROMBOCYTOPENIA AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,thrombocytopenia management is based on ‘rakta pitta chikilsa’.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Excess consumption of acrid, salt, hot,  ununctuous food
  • Excess vitiation of pitta dosha
  • Vitiation of rakta dhatu

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Taste of blood in the mouth
  • Bleeding from body orifices

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

Due to the causative factors doshas become vitiated and spreads to the entire body. Aggravated doshas vitiate the rakta dhatu. If it is associated with the vitiation of kapha, leads to bleeding from the upper orifices, whereas if it is associated with vitiated vata, leads to bleeding from the lower orifices.

LAKSHANA – AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Bleeding from body orifices
  • Sandhi Shoola – joint pain
  • Shirah Shoola – headache

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

If it is associated with the vitiation of kapha, leads to bleeding from the upper orifices, whereas if it is associated with vitiated vata, leads to bleeding from the lower orifices. The first condition is curable and later is difficult to cure. If both kapha and vata are involved in the pathogenesis, then the complications arise and such conditions are incurable.

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Giloya satwa
  • Durwa swarasa
  • Ojaswani churna

bola parpadi

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES TREATMENT FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA

Ayurvedic medicines for Internal administration for thrombocytopenia

  • Giloya satwa
  • Durwa swarasa
  • Ojaswani churna
  • Shatavari Churna
  • Akik Pishti

bola parpadi

  • Asokarishtam
  • Drakshadi kashya
  • Avipattikara churna 
  • Vasaputapaka swarasa – juice extract of Adathoda vasica

HOME REMEDIES FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Intake of water frequently
  • Proper rest
  • Intake of water processed with coriander

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Avoid food items that produce dosha imbalance like acrid and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items

YOGA FOR THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam   

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                          

  • Kapal Bhati
  • Ujjayi
  • Bhastrika

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA

  1. Ayurvedic management of Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura – A Case Study

http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/2669

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