TACHYCARDIA – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

The term ‘Tachycardia’ is used to denote increased heart rate over 100 beats per minute.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • CAUSES OF TACHYCARDIA
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF TACHYCARDIA
  • DIAGNOSIS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • TREATMENTS FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • PROGNOSIS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • COMPLICATIONS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • TACHYCARDIA  AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF TACHYCARDIA
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF TACHYCARDIA
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • YOGA FOR TACHYCARDIA
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF TACHYCARDIA

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting
  • Rapid pulse

CAUSES OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Fever
  • Infections
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • High or low blood pressure
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Excess consumption of alcohol, caffeine
  • Exercise
  • Certain medications
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Anaemia

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF TACHYCARDIA

In tachycardia, abnormal electrical impulse begins in any part of the heart it will spread throughout the myocardium. Increased heart rate manifested in patients with high BP. The over sympathetic activity increases blood pressure and contributes to hypertension. The mechanisms of increased sympathetic nervous system activity in hypertension involve alterations in baroreflex and chemoreflex pathways at both peripheral and central levels.

DIAGNOSIS OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Proper history taking
  • Physical examination – Auscultation
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Echocardiogram 
  • Coronary angiogram
  • Chest X-ray

TREATMENTS FOR TACHYCARDIA

  • Anti-arrhythmic medications
  • Catheter ablation
  • Antihypertensive drugs
  • Thiazide diuretics
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • Diet modifications

PROGNOSIS OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Prognosis is based on the cause of tachycardia and underlying diseases.

COMPLICATIONS OF TACHYCARDIA          

  • Frequent fainting spells
  • Heart failure
  • Ventricular tachycardia may become fatal
  • Heart attack

TACHYCARDIA AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,tachycardia falls under a Vata dosha imbalance disorder.
  • According to Ayurveda, the heart rate controlled by ‘vyanavayu’

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF TACHYCARDIA

The risk factors are;

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, dry, salty, cold food
  • Excessive physical exercise.
  • Suppression of natural urges.

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Palpitations – hridrava

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • The aggravated vata having provoked these two doshas, exacerbated and fills up the empty channels and moves greatly inside them or by getting enveloped by the other doshas.
  • The aggravated vata resides in the heart, blood vessels and produces increased heart rate.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Urasula – chest pain
  • Palpitations – hridrava
  • Breathing difficulty – srama swasa

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF TACHYCARDIA

  • Symptoms are manageable – yapya roga

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR TACHYCARDIA

Ayurvedic local treatment for tachycardia

  • Shirodhara – pouring of medicated liquid overhead

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR TACHYCARDIA

  • Medicines that causes anulomana
  • Gandharvahasthadi kashayam
  • Arogyavardhini vati
  • Laghusuteshekhara rasa
  • Brahmi vati
  • Aswagandha churna

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR TACHYCARDIA

  • Virechana – purgation
  • Vasthi – medicated enema

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR TACHYCARDIA

Internal administration

  • Bruhat Nayoapayam Kashayam
  • Gandharvahasthadi kashayam
  • Arogyavardhini vati
  • Laghusuteshekhara rasa
  • Brahmi vati
  • Siva gulika
  • Sidhamakaradhwaj
  • Parthalasunadi Tablet
  • Arjuna
  • Vrikshamla

HOME REMEDIES FOR TACHYCARDIA  

  • Sleeping for 8hrs
  • Placing a damp towel over face

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR TACHYCARDIA

  • Avoid food items that produce vata dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because vata imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Consume less salty foods
  • Avoid heavy exercises which further aggravate the conditions.
  • Oil massage on affected area advised. Which alleviates vata dosha
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR TACHYCARDIA

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from stress-related tachycardia

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                             

  • Savasana – relax the body and mind
  • Balasana
  • Bhujangasana

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF TACHYCARDIA

1.     Management of Hridroga (Cardiovascular Disease) with Simple Ayurvedic Drugs -A Review

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312032077_Management_of_Hridroga_Cardiovascular_Disease_with_Simple_Ayurvedic_Drugs_-A_Review

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