REITER’S SYNDROME- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Reiter’s syndrome is a type of inflammatory arthritis. Here pain and swelling occur in joints. That is triggered by an infection in another part of the body. It is also known as reactive arthritis.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • CAUSES OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • DIAGNOSIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • TREATMENTS FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • PROGNOSIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • COMPLICATIONS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • REITER’S SYNDROME   AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • YOGA FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Pain manifested in and around the joints
  • Joint tenderness
  • Inflammation of joints
  • Joint stiffness
  • Fever
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Skin rashes
  • Weakness
  • Inflamed tendons

CAUSES OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Infection in any part of the body
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Foodborne infections
  • Infection due to bacteria – Salmonella, Chlamydia, Clostridium, Shigella, Yersinia, Campylobacter

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

In reactive arthritis, the infection spreads to the joints, the lining (synovial membrane) becomes inflamed and swollen. The inflamed joints become tender.

DIAGNOSIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  1. EXAMINATIONS
  • Inspection
  • Palpation
  • Movements of joints
  • INVESTIGATIONS
  • X – rays
  • MRI
  • CT Scan
  • Laboratory tests –        
  • ESR
  • Rheumatoid factor
  • C-reactive protein
  • Antinuclear antibody
  • Complete blood tests

TREATMENTS FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Medications – Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Analgesics
  • Physiotherapy
  • Antibiotics to control infection
  • Medications used for rheumatoid arthritis are effective in Reiter’s syndrome

PROGNOSIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Prognosis is based on the stage of the disease, duration  and condition of the patient
  • Generally, Reiter’s syndrome is a curable disease

COMPLICATIONS OF REITER’S SYNDROME     

  • Stiffened joint
  • Infection may spread to other sites of the body

REITER’S SYNDROME AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,Reiter’s syndrome falls under ‘amavata vyadhi’ or a Vata dosha imbalance disorder.
  • Vata vyadhi can be correlated to neurological or neuromuscular disorders. The causes and pathogenesis of diseases caused by vitiation of Vata dosha, in general, are the exclusive cause and pathogenesis ofpain, numbness, weakness.
  • Vata dosha and rasa, rakta,asthi majja dhatu are involved.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, cold food
  • Suppression of natural urges.
  • Incompatible food
  • Agantu factors – infections

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Dull intermittent pain in the joints

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • The aggravated vata having provoked these two doshas, exacerbated and fills up the empty channels and moves greatly inside them or by getting enveloped by the other doshas.
  • The aggravated vata resides in the joints and produces different kinds of aches and pains.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Toda – aching pain
  • Ruk – Pain on the joints
  • Redness on joints
  • Pain aggravates movement
  • Sopha – oedema
  • Sada – weakness
  • Jwara – fever

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Symptoms are manageable with proper ayurvedic therapies

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

Ayurvedic local treatment for Reiter’s syndrome 

  • Svedam – Fomentation
  • Pain-relieving lepa application
  • Abhyanga – oil massaging

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • VASTHI- vaitarana vasthi
  • VIRECHANAM- purgations 

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

Internal administration

  • Mahamanjishtadi kashaya
  • Gandhaka rasayana
  • Guduchi Ghana vati
  • Chitrakadi vati
  • Rasna panchakam kashayam
  • Rasnasaptakam kashayam

External application

  • Snehadhara – with balaswagandha tailam and ksheerabala tailam
  • Shashtika Sali panda sweda

HOME REMEDIES FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Proper rest
  • Massage the painful area for 15 minutes ( NOT too much pressure )
  • Drinking plenty of fluids
  • Bathing in warm water
  • Body massaging

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Avoid food items that produce vata dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because vata imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items.
  • Avoid heavy exercises which further aggravate the conditions.
  • Oil massage on the whole body advised. This alleviates vata dosha.
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR REITER’S SYNDROME 

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from aches and pains

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                              

  • Savasana – relaxes body and mind

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF REITER’S SYNDROME 

  1. A Case Study on Successful Ayurvedic Management of a Rare Case of Reiter’s Syndrome

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5726191/

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