RECTAL CANCER- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Rectal cancer is the carcinoma of the rectum (lower part of the large intestine). Cancer is a disease in which abnormal and uncontrolled cell division occurs and destroy healthy body tissues.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • CAUSES OF RECTAL CANCER
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF RECTAL CANCER
    • DIAGNOSIS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • TREATMENTS FOR RECTAL CANCER
    • PROGNOSIS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • COMPLICATIONS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • RECTAL CANCER AND AYURVEDA
    • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF RECTAL CANCER
    • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF RECTAL CANCER
    • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR RECTAL CANCER
    • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR RECTAL CANCER
    • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR RECTAL CANCER
    • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR RECTAL CANCER
    • HOME REMEDIES FOR RECTAL CANCER
    • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR RECTAL CANCER
    • YOGA FOR RECTAL CANCER

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Constipation
  • Change in bowel habits
  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Bloody stool
  • Anaemia
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • The feeling of incomplete evacuation

CAUSES OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Gene mutations
  • Family history of rectal cancer
  • Radiation therapy
  • Other risk factors like smoking, alcohol, chronic inflammatory bowel syndrome, low fibre diet and intake of excess red meat

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF RECTAL CANCER

Due to the above-mentioned causes, abnormal and uncontrolled cell division occurs in the colon and rectum which further attacks the healthy tissues. The uncontrolled cell division causes the formation of the tumour. If the early symptoms are neglected it spreads to the other areas of the body, called metastasis.

DIAGNOSIS OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Physical examination
  • Colonoscopy is the ‘gold standard’ method of detecting intra-luminal colonic lesions. 
  • Biopsy

·       CT scan

·       MRI

·       Laboratory tests – total blood count etc.

TREATMENTS OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Palliative care
  • Supportive care

PROGNOSIS OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Prognosis is based on the stage of the disease and condition of the patient
  • As per statistics, for rectal cancer, the overall 5-year survival rate for people is 67%. If the cancer is diagnosed at a localized stage, the survival rate is 89%. If cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 72%.

COMPLICATIONS OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Chronic pain
  • Weight loss
  • Metastasis

RECTAL CANCER AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,treatment of rectal cancer is based on ‘arbuda’ chikilsa.
  • In Ayurveda the term ‘’arbuda” is used to describing malignant tumours. According to Sushrut the three Doshas (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) when aggravated may develop a malignant tumour; especially aggravated Kapha and Vata Doshas. This affects the tissue, which might result in developing a malignant tumour. Rakta Arbuda occurs when aggravated Doshas disturbs the normal functioning of rakta dhathu, comparable to the accumulation of toxins (ama) in the blood. 
  • Ayurvedic medicine provides preventive, curative, and supportive management for cancer.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Excess consumption of acrid, dry,  ununctuous food
  • Virudhahara – incompatible foods
  • Excess dosha vitiation
  • Vitiation of dhatus and upadhatus
  • Suppression of natural urges 

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Change in bowel habits

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF RECTAL CANCER

Due to the causative factors, doshas become vitiated with the predominance of vata and kapha dosha, which resides in the rectum, which further vitiates the mamsa and rakta dhatu. Uncontrolled mamsa vridhi occurs in the rectum and finally, symptoms of rectal cancer are manifested.

LAKSHANA – AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF RECTAL CANCER

  • Raktasrava  – bleeding per rectum
  • Udara Sula – abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Vibandha – constipation
  • Ksheena – fatigue
  • Karshyam – weight loss
  • Development of tumour (arbuda/ grandhi)
  • Ojakshaya
  • Dhatukshaya

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF RECTAL CANCER

Early symptoms are manageable with proper ayurvedic management. But it cannot cure completely when it progresses.

  • Krichra sadhya in early stages and asadhya in late stages
  • Three forms of metastasis according to Sushruta
  • Raktarbuda: When a tumour is surrounded by smaller tumours
  • Adhyarbuda: Development of another tumour over the first tumour. Or when a tumour arises
  • On a pre-existing site or near a primary tumour.
  • Dviarbuda: When two tumours arise at the same time.

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR RECTAL CANCER

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR RECTAL CANCER

  • Avipathikara churna – To control constipation
  • Varanadi kashayam
  • Triphala guggulu
  • Kanchanara guggulu
  • Indukantam ghrita
  • Gandhaka rasayana

AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR RECTAL CANCER

  • Agnikarma and kshara karma – removal of tumour by cauterisation

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES TREATMENT FOR RECTAL CANCER

Ayurvedic medicines for internal administration for rectal cancer

  • Malla sindhur
  • Rasa sindhur
  • Vasant Kusumakar Ras
  • Gandharva hasthadi kashaya
  • Chiruviwadi kashaya
  • Triphala guggulu
  • Gandhaka rasayana
  • Varanadi kashaya
  • Kanchanara guggulu
  • Avipathikara churna
  • Indukantam ghrita

HOME REMEDIES FOR RECTAL CANCER

  • Intake of water frequently to avoid dehydration
  • Intake of water boiled with coriander and cumin seeds
  • Intake of a balanced diet

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR RECTAL CANCER

  • Avoid food items that produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items, gruels
  • Take proper rest.
  • Avoid junk foods
  • Avoid smoking and tobacco

YOGA FOR RECTAL CANCER

  • Nadi shuddi pranayam   

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                             

  • The practices of shatkriya or yogic cleansing techniques purify the body and prevent digestive tract problems. 

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