POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

Postpartum depression is the mood swings experienced by women after delivery.  Signs and symptoms of depression after childbirth vary, and they can range from mild to severe.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • CAUSES OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • DIAGNOSIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • TREATMENTS FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • PROGNOSIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • COMPLICATIONS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • YOGA FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Insomnia
  • Difficulty bonding with the baby
  • Withdrawing from family
  • Loss of appetite or eating much more than usual
  • Intense irritability and anger
  • Hopelessness
  • Diminished ability to think clearly, concentrate or make decisions
  • Restlessness
  • Severe anxiety and panic attacks

CAUSES OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Hormonal changes (estrogen and progesterone) 
  • Lack of support from family and friends
  • Complications during delivery
  • The emotional stress of delivery and childcare

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

Although there is considerable evidence for a preeminent role for three monoamine systems, serotonin (5HT), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine (DA), in the pathogenesis of depression, depression involves other circuits including neuropeptide systems such as corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and glutamate and GABA circuits.

DIAGNOSIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • History taking
  • Physical examination
  • Laboratory tests to find out hormonal changes like thyroid hormone.

TREATMENTS FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Counselling
  • Antidepressants

PROGNOSIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Curable 

COMPLICATIONS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION      

  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide

POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda postpartum period is known as soothika kala.
  • Postpartum depression falls under soothika roga.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Dhatu kshaya
  • Vitiation of dosha
  • Improper regimens during soothika kala

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Intense irritability after delivery may be found as an initial symptom.

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

Excessive vitiation of doshas and dhatus due to improper ahara and vihara during soothika kala (postpartum period) leads to irritability in the manas (mind).

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Depression (unmada)
  • Hopelessness
  • Mood swings
  • Irritability

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Sadhya – curable

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Brahmighrita
  • Brahmi swarasa – juice of Bacopa monnieri
  • Saraswataghrita
  • Kalyanakaghrita
  • Dasamolaghrita
  • Aswagandharista
  • Shankpushpi churna

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

Internal administration

HOME REMEDIES FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Enhance communications with family members
  • Always engaged in activities

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Avoid food items which produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible nutritious food items, cow’s milk, and ghee.
  • Oil massage on the head is advised.
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – Calms the mind

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                             

  • Shavasana – relaxes the body and mind
  • Bhastrika pranayama

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION

  1. An Ayurvedic approach to postpartum depression

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19574756/

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