A hydrocele is a fluid-filled sac around a testicle; it is the type of swelling of the scrotum.
- SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYDROCELE
- CAUSES OF HYDROCELE
- PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF HYDROCELE
- DIAGNOSIS OF HYDROCELE
- TREATMENTS FOR HYDROCELE
- PROGNOSIS OF HYDROCELE
- COMPLICATIONS OF HYDROCELE
- HYDROCELE AND AYURVEDA
- NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF HYDROCELE
- PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF HYDROCELE
- SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF HYDROCELE
- LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYDROCELE
- AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF HYDROCELE
- CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR HYDROCELE
- AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR HYDROCELE
- COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR HYDROCELE
- HOME REMEDIES FOR HYDROCELE
- DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR HYDROCELE
- YOGA FOR HYDROCELE
- RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF HYDROCELE
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYDROCELE
- Discomfort in the testicle
- Swelling in the testicle
CAUSES OF HYDROCELE
- Hydrocele is common in newborns
- Sexually transmitted diseases
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF HYDROCELE
Pathophysiology of hydrocele is based on the cause of the disease. Generally, infection and inflammation occur in adult males. The inflammatory changes may also be caused by traumatic injuries. A hydrocele can develop before birth, the fluid surrounding the testicles sometimes remains after the sac closes leads to hydrocele. Hydroceles are also associated with inguinal hernia.
DIAGNOSIS OF HYDROCELE
- History taking
- Diagnosis through signs and symptoms
- Physical examinations
- Ultrasound scanning
TREATMENTS FOR HYDROCELE
- Treatment for underlying pathology
- Needle aspiration
- Surgical interventions
PROGNOSIS OF HYDROCELE
- Prognosis is based on the cause of the hydrocele and condition of the patient. Generally, it is easy to treat but complications may occur.
- Most congenital cases resolve by the end of the first year of life.
COMPLICATIONS OF HYDROCELE
- Hydrocele associated with inguinal hernia and tumour leads to complications.
- Spreading of the infection to other sites
HYDROCELE AND AYURVEDA
- In Ayurveda,hydrocele is considered as ‘vridhi roga’. It is managed based on the symptoms.
NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF HYDROCELE
- Excess consumption of vata dosha aggravating food
- Suppression of natural urges
- Lifting of heavyweight
- Agantu factors – infections, injuries
PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF HYDROCELE
- Sopha – swelling in the scrotum
SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF HYDROCELE
In vridhi roga, the vitiated vata dosha along with kapha afflicts the scrotum(payu) and produce symptoms.
LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYDROCELE
- Sopha – swelling of the scrotum
AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF HYDROCELE
- Prognosis is krichrasadhya – curable with proper ayurvedic medications in the early stage otherwise it is sastra sadhya (need surgical management).
CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR HYDROCELE
AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR HYDROCELE
- Chandra prabha vati
- Punarnavadi kashaya
- Kanchanara guggulu
- Gokshura churna
- Vridhivadhika vati
- Medicines which balances vata and kapha
COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR HYDROCELE
HOME REMEDIES FOR HYDROCELE
- Intake of an appropriate quantity of water
- Avoid smoking and alcohol
DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR HYDROCELE
- Avoid food items which produce dosha imbalance like sour, acrid and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
- Avoid heavy weight lifting
- Avoid strenuous physical activities
- Avoid strain during defecation or urination
YOGA FOR HYDROCELE
- Nadi Shuddi Pranayam – gets relief from irritations associated with hydrocele
The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.
RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF HYDROCELE
- Ayurveda Medicinal Management of Encysted hydrocele in a Child (A Case Study)