HIGH BP- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Research Papers, Yoga & Pranayama

High BP or hypertension is the high pressure exerted by the blood against the artery walls.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BP
  • CAUSES OF HIGH BP
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF HIGH BP
  • DIAGNOSIS OF HIGH BP
  • TREATMENTS FOR HIGH BP
  • PROGNOSIS OF HIGH BP
  • COMPLICATIONS OF HIGH BP
  • HIGH BP AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF HIGH BP
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BP
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF HIGH BP
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BP
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF HIGH BP
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR HIGH BP
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR HIGH BP
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR HIGH BP
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR HIGH BP
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR HIGH BP
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR HIGH BP
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR HIGH BP
  • YOGA FOR HIGH BP
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF HIGH BP

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BP

  • Generally no symptoms
  • Headaches (particularly on the back of the head)
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain

CAUSES OF HIGH BP

  • Primary hypertension occurs due to genetic predisposition
  • Secondary hypertension due to the following conditions:
  • Thyroid problems
  • Kidney disease
  • Heart diseases
  • Defects in the functioning of the adrenal gland
  • Certain medications
  • Endocrine tumours (pheochromocytoma)
  • Stress

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF HIGH BP

The over sympathetic activity increases blood pressure and contributes to hypertension. The mechanisms of increased sympathetic nervous system activity in hypertension involve alterations in baroreflex and chemoreflex pathways at both peripheral and central levels.

DIAGNOSIS OF HIGH BP

  • Check the blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer

TREATMENTS FOR HIGH BP

  • Antihypertensive drugs
  • Thiazide diuretics
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • Diet modifications

PROGNOSIS OF HIGH BP

  • Untreated hypertension leads to complications

COMPLICATIONS OF HIGH BP     

  • Organ damage
  • Atherosclerotic disease
  • Chronic kidney disease

HIGH BP AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,high bp falls under a Vata dosha imbalance disorder.
  • According to Ayurveda, the blood pressure controlled by ‘vyanavayu’

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF HIGH BP

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, dry, salty, cold food
  • Excessive physical exercise.
  • Suppression of natural urges.

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BP

  • Generally asymptomatic

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF HIGH BP

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • The aggravated vata having provoked these two doshas, exacerbated and fills up the empty channels and moves greatly inside them or by getting enveloped by the other doshas.
  • The aggravated vata resides in the heart, blood vessels and produces increased blood pressure.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BP

  • Shirasula – headache

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF HIGH BP

  • Symptoms are manageable – yapya roga

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR HIGH BP

Ayurvedic local treatment for high bp

  • Pain-relieving lepa application during headache

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR HIGH BP

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR HIGH BP

  • Virechana – purgation
  • Vasthi – medicated enema

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR HIGH BP

Internal administration

  • Gandharvahasthadi kashayam
  • Arogyavardhini vati
  • Laghusuteshekhara rasa
  • Brahmi vati

HOME REMEDIES FOR HIGH BP

  • Intake of the paste of curry leaf during high BP
  • Sleeping for 8hrs

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR HIGH BP

  • Avoid food items which produce vata dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because vata imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Avoid smoking
  • Consume less salty foods
  • Avoid heavy exercises which further aggravate the conditions.
  • Oil massage on affected area advised. Which alleviates vata dosha
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR HIGH BP

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from stress-related hypertension

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.                              

  • Savasana – relax the body and mind
  • Balasana
  • Bhujangasana

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF HIGH BP

  1. Management of Hypertension through Ayurveda

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324246807_Management_of_Hypertension_through_Ayurveda

2.     Hypertension: management through ayurveda herbs

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321868352_HYPERTENSION_MANAGEMENT_THROUGH_AYURVEDA_HERBS

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