GANGLION CYST – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Yoga & Pranayama

Ganglion cysts are noncancerous lumps that commonly develop along with the tendons or joints of the wrists or hands. It is also called as bible cyst.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF GANGLION CYST
  • CAUSES OF GANGLION CYST
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF GANGLION CYST
  • DIAGNOSIS OF GANGLION CYST
  • TREATMENTS FOR GANGLION CYST
  • PROGNOSIS OF GANGLION CYST
  • COMPLICATIONS OF GANGLION CYST
  • GANGLION CYST AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF GANGLION CYST
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF GANGLION CYST
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF GANGLION CYST
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF GANGLION CYST
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF GANGLION CYST
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR GANGLION CYST
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR GANGLION CYST
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR GANGLION CYST
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR GANGLION CYST
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR GANGLION CYST
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR GANGLION CYST
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR GANGLION CYST
  • YOGA FOR GANGLION CYST
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF GANGLION CYST

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF GANGLION CYST

  • Round or oval-shaped lumps
  • Usually painless
  • Tingling sensation
  •  Numbness

CAUSES OF GANGLION CYST

  • The exact cause is unknown
  • Tendon or ligament injury in the wrist joints
  • Thyroid dysfunctions
  • Joint pathology like osteoarthritis

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF GANGLION CYST

Due to the above-mentioned factors, irritation may occur in the articular tissue, leads to cystic formation. Degeneration of connective tissue and cystic space formation also triggers the development of ganglion cyst.

DIAGNOSIS OF GANGLION CYST

  1. EXAMINATIONS
  • Inspection
  • Palpation
  • Movements Flexion, Extension  of wrist
  • INVESTIGATIONS
  • X – rays

TREATMENTS FOR GANGLION CYST

  • Fine needle aspiration
  • A few cases may require surgery
  • Treatment of underlying pathology

PROGNOSIS OF GANGLION CYST

  • Prognosis is based on the cause of the cystic formation.
  • Generally, it resolves spontaneously over time.

COMPLICATIONS OF GANGLION CYST 

  • Large-sized ganglion cysts may compress the nerves leads to tingling sensation, numbness etc.

GANGLION CYST AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,ganglion cyst falls under sandhi gata roga, especially on manibandha (wrist joint).
  • According to Ayurveda, it can be managed as Vata vyadhi
  • Vata vyadhi can be correlated to neurological or neuromuscular disorders. The causes and pathogenesis of diseases caused by vitiation of Vata dosha, in general, are the exclusive cause and pathogenesis ofpain, numbness, and tingling sensation.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF GANGLION CYST

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, cold food
  • Excessive physical exercise.
  • Suppression of natural urges.
  • Trauma
  • Injuries

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF GANGLION CYST

  • Painless lumps in the wrist joint

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF GANGLION CYST

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • The aggravated vata having provoked these two doshas, exacerbated and fills up the empty channels and moves greatly inside them or by getting enveloped by the other doshas.
  • The aggravated vata resides in the wrist joint and produces lumps.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF GANGLION CYST

  • Painless lumps
  • Tingling sensation
  • Numbness

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF GANGLION CYST

  • Ganglion cysts associated with traumatic injuries is difficult to cure – krichra sadhya

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR GANGLION CYST

Ayurvedic local treatment for a ganglion cyst

  • Svedam – local fermentation
  • Sopha (swelling) relieving lepa application
  • Agnikarma – thermal cauterization

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR GANGLION CYST

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR GANGLION CYST

  • NASYA-Ksheerabala

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR GANGLION CYST

Internal administration

  • Balarishtam
  • Gandha tailam
  • Rasaraj ras
  • Laksha guggulu
  • Trayodasanga guggulu
  • Mahayogaraja guggulu

HOME REMEDIES FOR GANGLION CYST

  • Heat application on the affected area by a towel dipped with hot water
  • Massage the area for 15 minutes ( NOT too much pressure )

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR GANGLION CYST

  • Avoid food items which produce vata dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because vata imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items, cow’s milk
  • Avoid heavy exercises which further aggravate the conditions.
  • Oil massage on affected area advised. Which alleviates vata dosha

YOGA FOR GANGLION CYST

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from irritations associated with ganglion cysts

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                             

·       Tadasana

·       virabhadrasana

  • Anjali mudra

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF GANGLION CYST

  1. A comparative study of aspiration followed by Agnikarma with aspiration in the management of ganglion – A randomized clinical trial

https://www.ijournalhs.org/article.asp?issn=2542-6214;year=2015;volume=8;issue=2;spage=95;epage=103;aulast=Wali

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