EPISTAXIS – Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Yoga & Pranayama

Epistaxis means bleeding from the nose. Epistaxis may occur with or without underlying pathology.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF EPISTAXIS
    • CAUSES OF EPISTAXIS
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF EPISTAXIS
    • DIAGNOSIS OF EPISTAXIS
    • TREATMENTS FOR EPISTAXIS
    • PROGNOSIS OF EPISTAXIS
    • COMPLICATIONS OF EPISTAXIS
    • EPISTAXIS  AND AYURVEDA
    • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF EPISTAXIS
    • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF EPISTAXIS
    • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF EPISTAXIS
    • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF EPISTAXIS
    • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF EPISTAXIS
    • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR EPISTAXIS
    • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR EPISTAXIS
    • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR DRY EYES
  • AYURVEDIC SODHANA TREATMENT FOR EPISTAXIS
    • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR EPISTAXIS
    • HOME REMEDIES FOR EPISTAXIS
    • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR EPISTAXIS
    • YOGA FOR EPISTAXIS
    • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF EPISTAXIS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF EPISTAXIS

  • Bleeding from the nose with or without pain
  • Inability to smell
  • Stuffy nose
  • Persistent nose dryness
  • Itching eyes
  • It may also be manifested without associated symptoms

CAUSES OF EPISTAXIS

  • Irritants
  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Certain medications
  • In high altitude
  • Sinusitis
  • Rhinitis

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF EPISTAXIS

Capillaries and small blood vessels in the front area of the nose are fragile and can easily break and bleed. Due to the above-mentioned causes, the blood vessels breaks and epistaxis manifested.

DIAGNOSIS OF EPISTAXIS

  • History taking
  •  Proper physical examination
  • Coagulation time
  • Platelet count
  • Radiological examinations

TREATMENTS OF EPISTAXIS

  • Antibiotics – to control infections
  • Treatment for underlying pathology
  •  Topical nasal decongestants
  • Vasoconstrictors

PROGNOSIS OF EPISTAXIS

  • Prognosis of epistaxis is based on the cause. Generally, symptoms are manageable with proper treatments.

COMPLICATIONS OF EPISTAXIS

  • Hemorrhagic shock
  • Sinusitis

EPISTAXIS AND AYURVEDA

  • As per Ayurveda, it can be correlated with ‘nasagata rakthapitta’

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF EPISTAXIS

  • Vitiation of pitta dosha and raktha dhatu
  • Agantuja factors – infections, injuries

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF EPISTAXIS

  • Nasagata rakta srava – bleeding from the nose

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF EPISTAXIS

Urdhwaga raktapitta is the condition in which bleeding occurs through the upper orifices. In urdhwaga raktapitta, pitta is the main dosha & kapha is the anubandha dosha. Nasagata raktapitta is a urdhwaga raktapitta wherein there is bleeding from the nose.

LAKSHANA – AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF EPISTAXIS

  • Nasagata rakta srava – bleeding from the nose
  • Nasa sushkata – Dryness in nose

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF EPISTAXIS

  • Sadhya – curable

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR EPISTAXIS

Ayurvedic local treatment for epistaxis

  • Talam – with ksheerabala taila

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR EPISTAXIS

  • Sthambana chikilsa
  • Vasavaleha
  • Vasadi ghrita
  • Avipathi churna

AYURVEDIC SODHANA TREATMENT FOR EPISTAXIS

  • Nasya – durva swarasa, dadima pushpa swarasa, ksheerabala taila, anutaila
  • Virechana – purgations

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES TREATMENT FOR EPISTAXIS

Ayurvedic medicines for Internal administration for epistaxis

HOME REMEDIES FOR EPISTAXIS

  • Application of ice packs
  • Daily intake of  Indian gooseberry
  • Drinking an adequate quantity of water

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR EPISTAXIS

  • Avoid food items which produce pitta dosha imbalance like hot, acrid, sour, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume a balanced diet rich in vitamin k 
  • Avoid exposure to dust and smoke
  • Avoid heavy exercises

YOGA FOR EPISTAXIS

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – Cleans the airway and gets relief from the  irritations associated with epistaxis  

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                            

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF EPISTAXIS

  1. A CASE REPORT ON MANAGEMENT OF EPISTAXIS THROUGH AYURVEDA

http://www.iamj.in/posts/2015/images/upload/1559_1564.pdf

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