DYSENTERY- Ayurvedic Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Yoga & Pranayama

                 Dysentery is the intestinal inflammation accompanied by bloody diarrhoea. It is most commonly occur due to bacterial infection. Dysentery is also known as infectious diarrhoea.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DYSENTERY
    • CAUSES OF DYSENTERY
    • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF DYSENTERY
    • DIAGNOSIS OF DYSENTERY
    • TREATMENTS FOR DYSENTERY
    • PROGNOSIS OF DYSENTERY
    • COMPLICATIONS OF DYSENTERY
    • DYSENTERY  AND AYURVEDA
    • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF DYSENTERY
    • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF DYSENTERY
    • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF DYSENTERY
    • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DYSENTERY
    • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF DYSENTERY
    • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR DYSENTERY
    • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR DYSENTERY
    • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR DYSENTERY
    • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR DYSENTERY
    • HOME REMEDIES FOR DYSENTERY
    • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR DYSENTERY
    • YOGA FOR DYSENTERY
    • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF DYSENTERY

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DYSENTERY

  • Diarrhoea
  • Stool mixed with blood and mucous
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Thirst
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fever

CAUSES OF DYSENTERY

  • Bacillary dysentery is results from bacteria called Shigella. The disease is called shigellosis
  • Amoebic dysentery caused by a parasite called Entamoeba histolytica
  • The infection spreads through contaminated food and water

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF DYSENTERY

The bacterium enters into the gut through contaminated food and water, followed by colonization of the epithelial layer of the small intestine by penetrating the mucous. Proceed to spread from cell to cell, causing death and sloughing of contiguously invaded epithelial cells and inducing a potent inflammatory response resulting in the characteristic dysentery syndrome.

DIAGNOSIS OF DYSENTERY

  • Diagnosis through signs and symptoms
  • Stool culture
  • Direct microscopic examination of stool

TREATMENTS FOR DYSENTERY

  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Nutrient supplementation
  • Intake of fluids
  • Analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs

PROGNOSIS OF DYSENTERY

  • Prognosis is based on the condition of the patient

COMPLICATIONS OF DYSENTERY          

  • Dehydration
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Liver abscess due to invasion of amoebae

DYSENTERY AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,treatment of dysentery based on atisara and pravahika chikilsa.
  • Dysentery can be correlated with the disease ‘pravahika’ in Ayurveda.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF DYSENTERY

  • Intake of unhygienic food and water
  • Excessive vitiation of doshas
  • Defect in the normal functioning of agni (digestive power)

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF DYSENTERY

  • Abdominal cramps followed by diarrhoea

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF DYSENTERY

  • Vata, pitta and kapha dosha move through all channels of circulation. Due to the subtle nature of vata it impels the remaining two doshas.
  • The aggravated vata having provoked these two doshas, exacerbated and fills up the empty channels and moves greatly inside them or by getting enveloped by the other doshas.
  • In the case of pravahika aggravated doshas vitiates the raktadhatu also.
  • The aggravated doshas and dhatus resides in the intestine (site of agni) and produces abdominal pain followed by diarrhoea

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DYSENTERY

  • Atisara – watery stools
  • Sula – abdominal cramps
  • Trishna – thirst
  • Chardi – vomiting
  • Rakta yukta purisha – bloody stool
  • Pichila and phenila – slimy and froathy 
  • Ksheena – weakness
  • Strain during defecation
  • Incomplete voiding of stool

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF DYSENTERY

  • Ayurvedic treatments are effective in the management of dysentery

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR DYSENTERY

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR DYSENTERY

  • Deepana – carminative medicines
  • Pachana – medicines promotes digestion
  • Kutajaghana vati
  • Vatsakadi churna
  • Kutajarishtam
  • Dadimashtaka churna
  • Kapithashtaka churna
  • Vilwadi gulika
  • Mustakarishta
  • Mustadi pramadhya
  • Vidanga lauha
  • Gangadhara churna

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR DYSENTERY

  • Pichavasti – special type medicated enema

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR DYSENTERY

Internal administration

HOME REMEDIES FOR DYSENTERY

  • Fluid intake
  • Avoid chances of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR DYSENTERY

  • Avoid food items which produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items, gruels , goat’s milk
  • Avoid taking food and water from the disease prevalent areas
  • Take proper rest.

YOGA FOR DYSENTERY

  • Nadi shuddi pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from irritations associated with dysentery

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                             

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF DYSENTERY

  1. Ayurvedic management of Pravahika – A case report

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5041389/

2.     Therapeutic management of pravahika (amoebic dysentery) through ayurvedic regimen: a case study

https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/580

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