ACUTE SINUSITIS- Ayurvedic Treatment, Medicines, Yoga, Diet, Pranayama

Acute sinusitis is also known as sinus infection. It is the infection and inflammation affecting the four paired cavities (spaces) in the head (sinuses).

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • CAUSES OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • TREATMENTS FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • PROGNOSIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • COMPLICATIONS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • ACUTE SINUSITIS  AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • YOGA FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Running nose
  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Distorted sense of smell
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Nasal congestion
  • Bad breath
  • Ear pain

CAUSES OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Nasal polyps
  • Deviated nasal septum
  • Allergies
  • Common cold

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

In acute sinusitis viruses or bacteria enter the body through the mouth, eyes or nose. The virus can spread through droplets in the air. It also spreads by direct contact with someone who has a cold or other respiratory infection or by sharing contaminated objects. The infections spread to the sinuses leads to inflammation and associated symptoms. Increased nasal secretions cause the running nose.

DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Diagnosis is based on the signs and symptoms
  • Physical examination – tenderness of face and nose
  • Nasal endoscopy
  • Culturing of nasal discharge

TREATMENTS FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Decongestant nasal drops or sprays
  • Antipyretics
  • Antibiotics – in the case of bacterial infections
  • Immune therapy

PROGNOSIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

Most people with acute sinusitis usually recover within one or two weeks like cold, although the fatigue may persist for longer periods. However, some people are more prone to developing chronic sinusitis.

COMPLICATIONS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Chronic Sinusitis
  • Otitis media
  • Meningitis

ACUTE SINUSITIS AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,acute sinusitis can be managed based on the treatment of pinasa or pratishyaya.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Excess consumption of ununctuous, cold food
  • Vegasandharana – Suppression of natural urges.
  • Ajeerna (indigestion)
  • Raja (dust)
  • Rtuvaishamya (seasonal variation)
  • Shiroabhitapa (exposure to sun/ trauma)
  • Prajagara (night waking)
  • Atisvapna (excess sleeping)
  • Ambusheeta (cold water)
  • Dhooma(smoke)

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Shirogaurva (heaviness of head)
  • Kshavathu (sneezing)
  • Angamarda (body ache)
  • Lomaharsha (horripilation)
  • Jvara (fever)
  • Kasa (cough)

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

The etiological factors lead to vitiation of vata and other dosas individually or collectively associated with or without raktha accumulating in the head, producing pratishyaya.

LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Nasasrava – Running nose
  • Ghrana uparodha – nasal obstruction
  • Aruchi – anorexia
  • Swarabheda – hoarseness of voice
  • Jwara – Fever
  • Shira sula – headache

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Sadhya – curable in early stage

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

Ayurvedic local treatment for acute sinusitis

  • Svedam – local fermentation
  • Pain-relieving lepa application in the case of headache associated with acute sinusitis 

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Dasamulam katutrayam kashayam
  • Elakanadi kashayam
  • Vyoshadi vatakam
  • Talisapathradi churna
  • Triphala guggulu

 AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • NASYA-  anutaila

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

Internal administration

HOME REMEDIES FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Steam inhalation
  • Drinking water boiled with dry ginger

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Avoid food items that produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items, lukewarm water
  • Avoid head bathing
  • Avoid exposure to the cold environment

YOGA FOR ACUTE SINUSITIS

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – Cleans the respiratory passage removes the nasal congestion

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                             

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE SINUSITIS

1.     Standard treatment guidelines in ayurveda for pratishyaya

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338995731_STANDARD_TREATMENT_GUIDELINES_IN_AYURVEDA_FOR_PRATISHYAYA

  •  Role of pradhamana nasya and trayodasanga kwadha in dushta pratishyaya

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3221066/

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