VIRAL INFECTIONS- Ayurvedic Treatment

 A virus is an infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses display a wide diversity of shapes and sizes. Fever or hyperpyrexia is a common symptom in viral infections.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • EXAMPLES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • DIAGNOSIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • TREATMENTS FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • PROGNOSIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • COMPLICATIONS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • VIRAL INFECTIONS AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • YOGA FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Increased body temperature
  • Anorexia
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Rashes

EXAMPLES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

.

  • Chickenpox
  • Smallpox
  • Chikungunya 
  • Dengue fever
  • Measles
  • Rubella
  • Ebola
  • Covid 19
  • Flu (influenza)
  • Herpes.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Infectious mononucleosis.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

In viral infection proliferation of virus inside the body occur. Viruses cannot reproduce without the assistance of a host. Viruses infect a host by introducing their genetic material into the cells. Fever is the main symptom of viral infections. Fever is an elevation in body temperature regulated by the hypothalamic thermoregulatory centre. The purpose of a fever is to enhance immune function and inhibit pathogen growth.

DIAGNOSIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • History taking
  • Physical examinations
  • Blood tests
  • Detection of specific antiviral antibodies
  • Detection of virus-specific IgM antibodies

TREATMENTS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Antipyretic drugs like paracetamol
  • Fluid supplementation
  • Treatment for underlying pathology
  • Antiviral medications

PROGNOSIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Prognosis is based on the type of viral infection and condition of the patient

COMPLICATIONS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Bacterial infections
  •  Viremia
  • Organ failure

VIRAL INFECTIONS AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,viral infections are managed based on the symptoms. Fever is a common symptom; hence ‘jwara chikilsa” can be adopted.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Agantu factors – infections

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Increased body temperature
  • Weakness

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

Due to the aganthu factors (viral infection) doshas become vitiated and spreads to the entire body. Aggravated doshas enter the digestive system and combine with agni, accompanying the rasa, blocks the channels. Agni expels out from the site of digestion and spreads all over the body and gives rise to jwara.

LAKSHANA – AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Jwara – fever
  • Sandhi Shoola – joint pain
  • Kandu – itchy skin lesions, rashes
  • Arochaka – anorexia
  • Shirah Shoola – headache

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Prognosis is based on the type of viral infection

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Sanjeevani Vati
  • Sudarshana Ghana Vati
  • Amritottaram kashayam
  • Amrutharishta
  • Trayodashanga Guggulu
  • Maha Rasnadi Kvatha

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES TREATMENT FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS

Ayurvedic medicines for Internal administration for viral infections

HOME REMEDIES FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Intake of warm water frequently
  • Proper rest
  • Intake of water boiled with coriander and dried ginger

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Avoid food items that produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items
  • Avoid visiting the disease prevalent areas, in the case of infections
  • Proper sanitation measures to be followed.

YOGA FOR VIRAL INFECTIONS

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind, clears the respiratory passage and gets relief from the complications  associated with viral infections

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

                             

  • Bhujangasana – immune booster asana
  • Shashankasana
  • Kapal Bhati
  • Ujjayi
  • Bhastrika

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  1. Antipyretic effect of a polyherbal ayurvedic formulation: A randomized controlled clinical study

                   http://www.phytopharmajournal.com/Vol7_Issue3_16.pdf

  • Experimental evaluation of antipyretic and analgesic activities of Amalakyadi Gana: An Ayurvedic formulation.

https://europepmc.org/article/pmc/pmc4784136

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