Ayurvedic Treatment for Pterygium addresses the issues with digestion and corrects the underlying issues in the metabolism. Thus it prevents relapses and recurrence. Pterygium is a growth of the conjunctiva or mucous membrane that covers the white part of the eye over the cornea. The cornea is the clear front covering of the eye. This benign or noncancerous growth is often shaped like a wedge. A pterygium usually doesn’t cause problems or require treatment, but it can be removed if it interferes with the vision.
Signs & symptoms of Pterygium
A pterygium may appear with no or mild symptoms.
Common symptoms include:
Redness of the eye
Burning sensation or itching in the area.
If a pterygium covers the cornea, it can interfere with vision.
Feeling that a foreign body is present in the eye
Causes of Pterygium
The exact cause of pterygium isn’t known. One theory says that too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light can lead to these growths. People whose eyes are exposed to certain things regularly have a higher risk of developing this condition. These include:
Pathophysiology of Pterygium
Elastotic degeneration of collagen along with excessive multiplication of fibrous and vascular tissues, happen on the covering of epithelium. Histopathology shows that the abnormal collagen in the elastotic degeneration area contains basophilia with stains like haematoxylin or eosin stain. Though it gets stained with elastic tissue stains, it is not true elastic tissue, and it does not get digested by elastase.
Physical examination using a slit lamp
Visual acuity test
A pterygium usually doesn’t require any treatment until vision is disturbed or causing severe discomfort.
Medications – Eye drops or eye ointments that contain corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
Surgical removal of the pterygium
Prognosis of Pterygium
The prognosis after the surgical correction of pterygium is generally good. But recurrence is observed in many cases.
Complications of Pterygium
Scarring on cornea
Loss of vision
Ayurvedic Concept of Pterygium
Ayurvedic Nidana of Pterygium
Causative factors for eye diseases vitiate mostly Pitta dosha in the body namely,
- Ushnabhitaptasya jalapraveshaath – entering into a waterbody or taking bath in cold water after exposure to heat/sun
- Doorekshanaath – Looking at distant objects
- Swapnaviparyaya – Unhealthy & irregular sleeping habits
- Prasaktasamrodhanasokakopa – excess or suppressed weeping & anger
- Klesabhigata – Physical exertion, or trauma
- Atimaithuna – Excess coitus
- Atinishevana of Sukta etc. – taking beverages of acidic nature, horse gram, and black gram
- Vegavinigraha -Voluntary suppression of any natural urges like cough, sneeze, urine, flatulence or faeces
- Swedarajodhoomanishevana – Excess sweating, exposure to dust & smoke
- Chardervighaataad – Suppression of vomiting
- Vamanaatiyoga – Excessive vomiting
- Baashpagrahaat – Suppression of tears
- Sookshmanireekshana – looking at small things
Ayurvedic Purvaaroopa of Pterygium
cloudy vision with slightly inflamed, watery and mucus-filled eyes
heaviness, pricking pain, redness and unmanifested clinical features
Pain in the lids & feeling of worms inside
Impairment of visual sense like detecting colour, & eye movements
Ayurvedic Samprapti of Pterygium
Causative factors cause vitiation of doshas which travel through siras(circulatory system) and reach the eyes causing the disease.
Ayurvedic Lakshana of Pterygium
Arma is characterised by a growth on Shukla, which can spread onto boundaries like varthma or krishnamandala where it can cause disturbance in vision.
Ayurvedic Divisions of Pterygium
Ayurvedic Prognosis of Pterygium
Sastrasadhyam – Chedanasadhyam (to be excised to heal)
Ayurvedic treatment (Chikithsa) of Pterygium
Lepanam with Rookshana dravyas
Then treatment of wound should be done
Commonly used Ayurvedic medicines for Pterygium
Home remedies for Pterygium
There is no effective home remedy for pterygium.
But the following preventive measures can be helpful in the protection of the eye from diseases:
- Ensure enough intake of anti-oxidants and vitamins
- Control any allergic reactions
- Wear UV-blocking sunglasses while going out
- Keep the eyes and eye wares hygienic
- Avoid scratching or rubbing of eyes
- Use artificial tears to prevent dryness
Diet for Pterygium
- To be avoided
Any hard item, tough to bite or chew.
Heavy meals and difficult to digest foods – cause indigestion.
Junk foods- cause a disturbance in digestion and reduces the bioavailability of the medicine
Carbonated drinks – makes the stomach more acidic and disturbed digestion
Refrigerated and frozen foods – causes weak and sluggish digestion by weakening Agni (digestive fire)
Milk and milk products – increase Kapha and cause respiratory problems
Curd – causes vidaaha and thereby many other diseases
- To be added
Light meals and easily digestible foods
Green gram, soups, honey, fruits and vegetables, cow’s ghee.
Freshly cooked and warm food processed with cumin seeds, ginger, black pepper, ajwain, etc
Protect yourself from too much heat or cold.
Avoid head bath and tongue scraping.
Better to avoid exposure to excessive sunlight, wind, rain, or dust.
Maintain a regular food and sleep schedule.
Avoid holding or forcing urges like urine, faeces, cough, sneeze, etc.
Avoid sleeping late night and day sleep.
Yoga for Pterygium
- IN PERSONS WITH SEVERE INFLAMMATORY DISEASES AND EYE DISEASES, EXERCISE IS NOT RECOMMENDED
Yoga can maintain harmony within the body and with the surrounding system.
Simple exercises for lungs and heart health
All the exercises and physical exertions must be decided and done under the supervision of a medical expert only.
Research articles of Pterygium