Ayurvedic Treatment for Pollen Allergy is done by enhancing digestion. Pollen from plants is a major cause of allergic reactions. Pollen is a very fine powdery substance produced by the anthers of seed-bearing plants, consisting of numerous fine grains containing the male gametes. The symptoms produced by pollen may vary. Each spring, summer, and fall, plants release tiny pollen grains, and allergy due to pollen is also called hay fever.
- Signs and symptoms of Allergy pollen
- Causes of Allergy pollen
- Pathophysiology of Allergy pollen
- Diagnosis of Allergy pollen
- Treatments of Allergy pollen
- Complications of Allergy pollen
- Disease according to Ayurveda
- Nidana- Causes
- Purvaroopam (Premonitory Symptoms)
- Lakshana of Allergy pollen
- Chikitsa (Treatment)
- Commonly used medicines for Allergy pollen
- Diet desirable to prevent Allergy
- Research articles link
Signs and Symptoms
On inhaling air with pollen may cause symptoms like,
- Sneezing and coughing
- Nasal congestion or running nose (allergic rhinitis)
- Watery eyes, redness and foreign body sensation
- Itchy throat and eyes
- Wheezing, difficulty in breathing, or shortness of breath.
- Pollen grains can aggravate the symptoms of asthma.
The most common pollens that cause an allergic reaction in humans come from trees, weeds, and grasses. The pollen from these plants is small, light, and dry pollen grains so that they travel by the wind. So it is easy to get inhaled. Grasses are also a common source of pollen causing the allergy.
Pollen from weeds also causes allergy. Ragweed is the main cause of weed allergies. Other common weed pollen includes sagebrush, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, and tumbleweed. Certain species of trees, including birch, cedar, and oak, produce pollen which is highly allergic.
When the body is exposed to pollen, it will trigger the immune system producing chemicals like antihistamines and causes allergic symptoms like rhinitis.
Diagnosis of Allergy to pollen is made by a detailed history taking comprising the pattern and appearance of symptoms which helps in pointing out which pollen is allergic. Confirmative diagnosis include,
- Skin prick test
- Specific IgE level
Primary treatment includes avoiding chances to come in contact with the pollen. To achieve this,
- Limit the outdoor activities if pollen counts are high.
- Close the windows
- Bath the head using shampoo before going to bed
- Wash bedding, dry washed clothing in drier rather than keeping in outdoor for drying
- Wear sunglasses and hat
Medicines for treatment includes,
- Nasal decongestants
- Corticosteroids and
- Leukotriene receptor antagonists
- Allergy Shots – Subcutaneous Immunotherapy (SCIT)
Allergic complications due to pollen include eczema, ear or throat infection, sinusitis, headaches, etc. asthmatic symptoms are aggravated by pollens.
Disease and Ayurveda
Symptoms mostly resemble allergic rhinitis and allergic wheezing or cough can be managed by suitable Samanaushadha. Allergic rhinitis is correlated to Pratisyaya.
- Virudhahara(incompatible food)
- Increase in kapha dosha
- Allergens, living with animals
- Dust, cold, humidity, etc. cause the disease.
- Suppression of Bashpavega (tears)
- Exposure to polluted air.
Purvaroopam- Premonitory Symptoms
Shirogurutwama (heaviness f head), Kshavathu (sneezing), Angamarda (body aches), Parihristaromta (horripilation) are included as the premonitory symptoms of pratisyaya by Susruta Acharya.
The nidana causes vitiation of vata kapha pradhana doshas leading to vitiation of rasa and raktha dhatu. The vitiated doshas reach nasa (nose) and siras (head) causing the symptoms.
Lakshana Signs and Symptoms
- Pain in head(Shirasoola)
- Heaviness of head (Sirogurutwa)
- Nasal discharge
- Jwara (fever)
- Kasa (cough)
- Vitiation of kapha dosha
- Swarabheda (hoarseness of voice)
- Sensory incompetence
These are the most common symptoms.
Divisions based on Dosha
There are 5 types based on doshas,
- Vataja Pratishyaya
- Pittaja Pratishyaya
- Kaphaja Pratishyaya
- Rakthaja Pratishyaya
- Sannipataja Pratishyaya
If pratisyaya left untreated it leads to dushta pratisyaya which is difficult to cure.
Snehana, swedana, vamana, dhoomapana and gandusha are the common treatment methodologies suggested in all types of Pratishyaya.
Fasting is suggested followed by drugs which increase digestive power.
Local treatment includes Nasya, Dhoomapaana, Ghreya chikitsa include smelling of volatile substances like Krishna jeeraka, Bashpa sweda (steam inhalation), etc.
Nidana parivarjana or staying away from an allergen (here pollen) is also necessary.
Commonly used medicines
- Vyaghriyadi Kashayam
- Chiruvilwadi Kashayam
- Pachanamrutham Kashayam
- Nirgundyadi Kashayam
- Shadagam Kashayam
- Gandharvahasthadi Kashayam
- Vyoshadi vataka
- Suntyadi choorna (with ghee or jaggery)
- Lavangadi choorna with honey
- Lakshmi vilasa rasa
- Abhraka bhasma
- Sootasekhara rasa
- Rajanyadi choorna
- Ashta Churna
- Aryavaidya saala Kottakkal
- Vaidyaratnam Oushadha saala
- consume black pepper +jaggery +curd
- Trikatu (black pepper, long pepper, dry ginger) Ajamaoda kwath (decoction of Ajwan) or choorna mixed in ginger juice
- Use masks to prevent allergens
- Food rich in Vitamin C usually Citrus fruits
- Turmeric powder with honey
- Tomato, onion good in allergy
- Salmon, oily fishes (rich in omega 3). are desirable food in Allergic rhinitis.
- Yoga helps to improve the immunity of the body.
Research articles link.