DRAKSHARISHTAM- Benefits, Ingredients, Indications, Dosage, Usage, Preparation, Side effects, Equivalent Medicines, Research Papers

Draksharishtam is an Ayurvedic medicine for cough, breathing disorders, and diseases of respiratory system. It enhances strength and immunity.

Benefits of Draksharishtam

This combination is advised to be taken in wounds and bruises of chest. It improves the lung capacity. It is beneficial in all the disorders of respiratory tract like acute & chronic cough, breathing disorders, asthma, bronchitis, COPD etc.

It helps to reduce recurrent chest infections in tuberculosis. It can be used in chronic diseases with compromised immunity like AIDS. It helps to correct malabsorption and deficiency disorders.

It is beneficial in some conditions of diseases of throat like thyroid, goitre, tonsilitis etc.

As it is a nourishing formulation, it increases digestive power, physical strength and thereby immunity. It works as a laxative.

It improves the quality of Raktadhatu. It is found beneficial in the treatment of Iron deficiency anaemia along with Lohasava as it contains Vitamin C which helps in the absorption of Iron.

Indications of Draksharishtam

Ura:kshata                       – Wounded chest

Kshaya                              – Tuberculosis

Kaasa                                 – Cough

Swaasa                              – Breathing difficulties

Galaamaya                       – Diseases of neck and throat

Balakruth                          – Improves strength

Malasodhana                  – Laxative

Ingredients of Draksharishtam

Black grapesMridweeka/DrakshaVitis vinifera L.

Grapes are a nourishing and slightly laxative fruit that can support the body through illness, especially of the gastro-intestinal tract and liver. Because the nutrient content of grapes is close to that of blood plasma, grape fasts are recommended for detoxification. The fresh fruit is antilithic, constructive, cooling, diuretic and strengthening. The fruit is also helpful in the treatment of varicose veins, haemorrhoids and capillary fragility. The dried fruit is demulcent, cooling, mildly expectorant, laxative and stomachic. It has a slight effect in easing coughs. It is used as a remedy for skin diseases and in diseases of the eyes.

Cinnamon/DalchiniTwakCinnamomum zeylanica

It has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, and anti-diabetic properties. It helps lower the cholesterol levels in blood. It is used in vomiting, gastro-intestinal problems and breathing disorders. It can strengthen the heart muscles.

CardamomElaElettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

It can help in controlling asthma. It is beneficial in teeth and gum infections, cataracts, nausea, diarrhoea, as well as cardiac, digestive and kidney disorders.

Indian bay leafTejapatraCinnamomum tamala

It has gastro-protective properties. It enhances immune system, gastro-intestinal tract, and functions of liver. it has antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, carminative, anthelmintic, diuretic and antimicrobial activity. It is used in colic, dyspepsia, and diarrhoea.

Indian rose chest nut/Ceylon ironwood/cobra’s saffronNagakesaraMesua ferrea L.

It clears kapha, it is beneficial in urinary tract infection, poisoning, rheumatoid arthritis, pruritus, and oedema. It is beneficial in the treatment of fever, excessive thirst, sweating, vomiting & nausea, bad body odour, skin diseases, herpes etc. It is useful in some types of headache.

Large leaf beauty berryPriyanguCallicarpa macrophylla

It is anti-inflammatory, haemostatic, neuro-protective, anti-amnesiac, anti-tubercular, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and analgesic activities. It can be used in the treatment of tumour, polydipsia, diarrhoea, dysentery, diabetes, fever etc. It is also used in obstetric conditions.

Black pepperMarichaPiper nigrum L.

Black Pepper is extremely useful for respiratory disorders and asthma. In conditions like hoarse voice, dental caries, in removing bad breadth (halitosis), the gargling of Black Pepper Powder along with salt and warm water may be used. Black pepper is also used in case of Heavy diets as it aids digestion. Black pepper is also used in the weakness and loosening of the anal sphincter especially in case of piles. For Headache and migraine, nasal drops of Black pepper powder prepared in milk is used. It helps to remove the chronic headache. The same preparation can also be used as local application on fore head in the form of paste. Black pepper reduces itching and discharge through the lesions when used in the form of local application on skin disorders.

Long pepperKrishnaPiper longum

 It is unctuous and hot in potency with pungent taste but becomes sweet after digestion. It is an aphrodisiac and balances Vata and Kapha.

It improves ability to taste and promotes digestion. Relieves cough cold and other respiratory problems. It is not a laxative, rather causes constipation.

False black pepperVidangaEmbelia ribes

It is an appetiser and mild laxative. It has carminative, stimulant, anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-cancerous and anthelmintic properties.

Details of the manufacturing

As already discussed, Draksharishtam has 9 herbal ingredients and jaggery.

All herbal ingredients should be washed well and dried up in shade.

Take Draksha ½ Tulam in a clean vessel. Add 32 Prastha clean water into it. Make it boil. The fire should be kept low to make sure that all the active ingredients in the herbs needed are absorbed well into the water. Make sure to mix it in between with a wooden ladle. Reduce the quantity into one by fourth of the initial quantity. Once the quantity is reduced to one by fourth of the initial amount of water, remove the vessel from the fire. Squeeze and drain through a clean white cloth. Collect the decoction in a clean vessel and discard the solid waste. To this decoction, add 2 Tulam of Jaggery and powder of

  • Twak
  • Ela
  • Pathra
  • Kesara                 One Pala each
  • Priyangu
  • Maricha
  • Krishna              
  • Vidanga

It should be transferred into an earthen pot coated inside with ghee. Cover it with a clean white cloth and keep it closed and airtight. Keep it for 30 days in a dark place with low temperature. After 30 days, open it and filter through a clean white cloth. Keep it in an airtight glass bottle. Arishtam can be used for a longer period of time without any preservatives.

Dosha Dooshya Predominance with roga margas.

Draksharishtam is Vaata-Pittahara and anulomana.

It acts on aabhyantara rogamarga

Dosage and Usage of Draksharishtam

Dosage: 25-30 ml after food

Usage:

Arishtam is advised to be taken after food, once the ingested food and arishtam will digest together.

It is taken two times or three times a day immediately after food.

Exercises and Yoga.

As Draksharishtam targets mainly respiratory system, following stretching exercises and specific yoga asanas like pavanamuktasana, vajrasana, bhujangasana etc for lower back and abdomen recommended.

Regular exercise helps improve bioavailability of the medicine and food ingested and leads to positive health.

 Yoga can maintain harmony within and with surroundings.

Pavanamuktasana

Vajrasana

Bhujangasana

Simple exercises for lungs and heart health

Recommended diet and behaviour

Diet:

  • To be avoided

Heavy meals and difficult to digest foods – cause indigestion.

 junk foods- cause disturbance in digestion and reduces the bioavailability of the medicine

 carbonated drinks – makes the stomach more acidic and disturbed digeastion

refrigerated and frozen foods – causes weak and sluggish digestion by weakening agni (digestive fire)

 curd – causes vidaaha and thereby many other diseases

  • To be added

Light meals and easily digestible foods

Green gram, soups, buttermilk boiled with turmeric, ginger and curry leaves

 freshly cooked and warm food processed with cumin seeds, ginger, black pepper, ajwain etc

Behaviour:

Maintain personal hygiene.

Better to avoid exposure to excessive sunlight wind rain or dust.

Avoid lifting heavy weights and other vigorous physical activities.

Maintain a regular food and sleep schedule.

Avoid sitting continuously for a long time and avoid squatting.

Side effects and contraindications

No known side effects reported.

Diabetic people and people with gastric ulcer should not take arishta-asavas.

Classical references with image of the text.

SHARNGADHARASAMHITA MADHYAMAKHANDAM ASAVARISHTAVIDHI

Equivalent medicines.

Drakshadi kashayam

Brands Available

AVS Kottakal

Vaidyaratnam oushadhasala

Kerala Ayurveda

SNA oushadhasala

Research papers

 Maricha

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28254575/

Pippali

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2639691/

Draksha

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27196869/

Ela

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23768823/

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