DASAMuLAPANCHAKOLADI KASHAYAM- Benefits, Ingredients, Indications, Dosage, Usage, Preparation, Side effects, Equivalent Medicines, Research Papers

Dasamulapanchakoladi kashayam is an Ayurvedic medicine for treating ascites. It is also used to treat jaundice and hepatic disorders.

Benefits of Dasamulapanchakoladi kashayam

Dasamoolapanchakoladi kashayam is commonly used in ascites. It is used to clean the tracts and improve circulation. It helps the function of liver and gall bladder. It enhances biliary tract circulation and helps in detoxification process.

It helps clearing the channels and swelling gets reduced. It restores the water and electrolyte balance.

It works as a laxative and clears the digestive tract from waste products.

It is found useful in treating Kapha-Vata dominant fevers when added with other formulations.

As the kaphadosha is cleared, Agni starts functioning proper.

By improving digestion, this kashayam improves taste and appetite; bio availability of nutrients in the food also enhanced. Hence general health improved.

Indications of Dasamulapanchakoladi kashayam

All types of Jathara including jalodara     – Abdominal swellings, mainly ascites.

Ingredients of Dasamulapanchakoladi kashayam


It is a group of roots of ten herbs used as a combination in many formulations in Ayurveda. Dasamoola is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as proving beneficial in cases of Asthma and difficult respiration. It was originally composed by Acharya Sushrutha. The name is derived from the words dasa (ten) and moola, translating to “root”. It includes the plants from the Laghupanchamoola and Bṛhatpanchamoola groups of medicinal plants. As discussed, it is a group of roots of ten herbs used as a combination in many formulations in Ayurveda.

Used together as a combination in Ayurvedic formulations, Dasamoola has Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It works as a strong anti-rheumatic agent. It is useful in reducing edema. Being mainly Vaatahara it gives strength to the body. It is useful in all diseases related to nerves and muscles.

The ten plants included in Dasamoola are,

Indian bael   BilwaAegle marmelos

It has anti-inflammatory properties and it is effective in peptic ulcer. It is anti-diarrhoeal, anti-diabetic and anti-microbial. Being a part of Dasamoola (group of roots of Ten plants) it helps to enhance its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.

Headache tree   AgnimanthaPremna integrifolia Linn.

It has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antinociceptive, anti-arthritic, anti-bacterial, anti-cancerous, anti-microbial, anthelmintic, immuno-modulatory, hypoglycaemic, neuro-protective and anti-ulcer properties. It is CNS depressant, Cardiac stimulant, and cardio-protective.

Indian trumpet flower SyonakaOroxylum indicum

It has anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, hepato-protective, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, immune-modulatotory , nephro-protective, and cardio-protective properties.

Yellow snake tree PaatalaStereospermum                                                               suaveolens

It is useful in the treatment of diabetes, pain, fever, inflammations and asthma.

BeechwoodGambhariGmelina arborea

It has anti-pyretic, analgesic, anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, anthelmintic, anti-microbial, cardio-protective, anti-ulcer, gastro-protective, anti-cancerous, anti-hyperlipidemic and immunomodulatory activity. It is the one of the main ingredients in Dasamoola for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic property.

DabraPrisniparniUraria picta

It has anti-inflammatory, expectorant and diuretic properties. It is used as a tonic to nerves and heart. It is useful in bone fracture healing.

Sal leaved desmodium SaliparniDesmodium gangeticum

It is famous for its cardioprotective properties. It helps to strengthen the heart muscles. It has analgesic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory and haemorrhagic properties. It is used to treat fever, vomiting and diarrhoea, cough and asthma.

BrihatiSolanum indicum

It has anti-oxidants. It also has anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, immune-modulatory, neuroprotective, diaphoretic, expectorant and stimulant properties.

KantakariSolanum xanthocarpum

It has anti-oxidant and anti-cancer activities. It possesses anti-asthmatic, hypoglycaemic, hepatoprotective, anti-bacterial and insect repellent properties.

Puncture vine  GokshuraTribulus terrestris

It is useful in diseases such as hormonal imbalance, sexual problems, heart problems, kidney problems and various skin diseases. It helps in reducing blood sugar and cholesterol levels.


It is a group of 5 drugs, used as a combination in many ayurvedic formulations.

The drugs are,

Long pepper- fruitPippaliPiper longum

It has carminative action and maybe used as appetizer. The fruit of Pippali are used in the form of powder to treat fever, diarrhoea, piles, cough, hiccough, asthma, hoarseness of voice, flatulence, colic, vomiting, acid gastritis, oedema, diseases of mouth, eye diseases, diseases of semen, diseases of women, jaundice, and earache.

 Pippali choorna mixed with honey alleviates cough, dyspnoea, fever splenomegaly, and hiccough.

•  Constipation with mucous or sticky stool.

•  Loss of appetite.

•  Indigestion.

•  Gas or flatulence.

•  Bloating.

•  Abdominal distension.

•  Irritable bowel syndrome.

•  Common cold (acute phase during running nose).

•  Cough with thin white phlegm.

•  Asthma (chest congestion due to phlegm).

•  Weight loss (obesity).

•  Body aches with feeling of heaviness in the body.

•  High cholesterol levels.

•  Atherosclerosis.

•  High blood pressure due to hypercholesterolemia

Long pepper – rootPippaleemoolaPiper longum

It is pungent in taste and hot in potency. It breaks down thick sputum and is beneficial in sinusitis and asthma. It is also useful in the treatment of worm infestation, infected wounds, ascites, enlargement of abdomen, distension of abdomen, splenomegaly, asthma, tuberculosis and other chronic respiratory disorders. It improves taste and relieves anorexia.

Kaattu mulak  ChavyaPiper retrofactum Vahl.

It is useful in treating indigestion, abdominal colic, worm infestation, poisoning, anorexia, productive cough, asthma, bronchitis, fever, diarrhoea, IBS, haemorrhoids, fistula, chronic respiratory disorders, throat disorders, and rheumatic conditions.

Ceylon leadwortChitrakaPlumbago zeylanica L.

It aids digestion and increases appetite. It has anti-inflammatory action. It can also be used in liver diseases.

Dried gingerNaagaraZingiber officinalis

 It is unctuous and hot in potency with pungent taste but becomes sweet after digestion. It is an aphrodisiac and balances Vata and Kapha.

It improves ability to taste and promotes digestion. Relieves cough cold and other respiratory problems. It is not a laxative, rather causes constipation.

These five drugs, together known as Panchakola, it is well- known for its potency to improve digestive fire and in clearing the blocked channels.


Chebulic myrobalanPathyaTerminalia chebula RETZ. & WILLD.

It is one of the main drugs in Ayurveda, one of the Rasayana and a member of an important group, Triphala. It is used in a wide variety of diseases as it possesses anti-bacterial anti-fungal anti-viral anti-diabetic anti-mutagenic anti-oxidant anti-ulcer and wound-healing properties.

Beleric myrobalan, BaheraAkshaTerminalia bellirica (GAERTN.) ROXB.

A very good healer of gastric diseases, common cold, leukoderma and also cures digestive disorders. It has laxative and anti-inflammatory actions. It is one of the important ingredients in triphala an Ayurvedic preparation. Other properties for which it is used are as health tonic and as rejuvenator. It is used in treatment of piles also.

Amla, Indian gooseberryDhatriEmblica officinalis GAERTN.

Amla exhibits strong antioxidant activity. It is one of the most important plants in the traditional Ayurvedic medical system as well as in other traditional health systems for immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and hepatoprotective actions. It is widely used for anti-diabetic effect.It is a part of the famous group of drugs called Thriphala.

Red physic nut/wild crotonDanthiBaliospermum montanum

Pungent in taste and hot in potency, it is well known as a strong purgative. It is also a stimulant. It is used in the treatment of haemorrhoids, calculi, abdominal pain, itching, leprosy, burning sensation, inflammation, abdominal disorders, bleeding disorders, and worm infestation.

Indian jalap/Turpeth rootThrivrthOperculina turpethum L.

It is used to treat fever, oedema, ascites, anorexia, constipation, hepatosplenomegaly, intoxication, piles, fistula, anaemia, obesity, abdominal tumours, ulcers/wounds, worm infestation, pruritus and other skin disorders. It is the best among the herbs used for therapeutic purgation in Ayurveda.

Details of the manufacturing

As already discussed, Dasamoolapanchakoladi kashayam is prepared using 20 ingredients in equal quantity.

All these ingredients should be washed well and dried up in shade.

Take all the ingredients in crushed form in an earthen pot. For your special attention, Sunthi should be crushed and tied up separately in a white clean cotton cloth as a Potali. This is to prevent the excess dissolution of the contents and to maintain the exact consistency of the kashayam. Now add 16 times clean water into it. Make it boil and then cook in the open vessel with low fire. Reduce the quantity into one by eighth of the initial quantity. Make sure to mix it in between with a ladle without breaking the potli. Also, the fire should be kept low to make sure that all the active ingredients in the herbs needed are absorbed well into the water. Once the quantity is reduced to one by eighth of the initial amount of water, remove the vessel from the fire. Squeeze and drain through a clean white cloth. Collect the decoction in a clean vessel and discard the solid waste. Drink the mild warm decoction.

Dosha Dooshya Predominance with roga margas.

Dasamoolapanchakoladi kashayam is kaphahara.

It acts on aabhyantara rogamarga

Dosage and Usage of Dasamulapanchakoladi kashayam

Dosage: two Pala.


Kashayam is advised to take in empty stomach, once the ingested food is digested well and aahaararasa is formed well.

Usage of kashayam with prescribed prakshepadravyas according to the condition of disease and the patient gives the best results mostly.

Exercises and Yoga.

As Dasamoolapanchakoladi kashayam targets mainly used in moderate or severe conditions of ascites, only mild exercises are advised. Also, specific yogacharya including naadeesuddhi pranayama is recommended.

In persons with fever, physical exercises are not recommended.

Regular exercise after regaining normal health helps improve bioavailability of the food ingested and leads to positive health.

 Yoga can maintain harmony within the body and with the surrounding system.

Nadisudhi pranayama

All the exercises and physical exertions must be decided and done under the supervision of a medical expert only.

Recommended diet and behaviour


  • To be avoided

Excess salt intake should be avoided

Drinking ice-cold water – loss of appetite and increased kapha leads to obstruction in channels.

Heavy meals and difficult to digest foods – cause indigestion.

 junk foods- cause disturbance in digestion and reduces the bioavailability.

 carbonated drinks – makes the stomach more acidic and disturbed digestion

refrigerated and frozen foods – causes weak and sluggish digestion by weakening Agni (digestive fire)

Milk and milk products – increase kapha and cause obstruction in channels.

 curd – causes vidaaha and thereby many other diseases

  • To be added

Light meals and easily digestible foods

Green gram, soups, rice gruel.

Buttermilk processed with curry leaves, ginger and turmeric.

 freshly cooked and warm food processed with cumin seeds, ginger, black pepper, ajwain etc


Protect yourself from very hot and cold climate.

Better to avoid exposure to excessive sunlight, wind, rain or dust.

Maintain a regular food and sleep schedule.

Avoid holding or forcing the urges like urine, faeces, cough, sneeze etc.

Avoid sedentary lifestyle.

Side effects and contraindications

No known side effects reported.

People with IBS or a sensitive stomach may develop diarrhoea when not supervised by a qualified Ayurveda physician.

Classical reference


Equivalent medicines.

Chitrakadi kashayam

Brands Available

AVS Kottakal

Research papers






Myocardial ischemia


Ischemic reperfusion injury



The study was undertaken to evaluate the antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects of Piper longum root aqueous extract (PlrAqe) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats.

During the short term study the aqueous extract at a dosage of 200 mg/kg.b.w was found to possess significant antidiabetic activity after 6 h of the treatment. The administration of aqueous extract at the same dose for 30 days in STZ induced diabetic rats resulted in a significant decrease in FBG levels with the corrections of diabetic dyslipidemia compared to untreated diabetic rats. There was a significant decrease in the activities of liver and renal functional markers in diabetic treated rats compared to untreated diabetic rats indicating the protective role of the aqueous extract against liver and kidney damage and its non-toxic property.

 it was concluded that the plant extract is capable of managing hyperglycemia and complications of diabetes in STZ induced diabetic rats.

doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-37

To compare stress resistance increasing and analgesic activities of piperlongumine and a methanolic Piper longum fruit extract (PLE).

significant effects of piperlongumine and PLE in both the tests were observed after their 5 or more daily doses. Both of them also dose dependently suppressed daily handling and repetitive testing triggered alterations in body weights and core temperatures. Their doxycycline like antidepressant activity in tail suspension test and aspirin like analgesic effects in acetic acid writhing test were observed after their 11 daily 5 mg/kg oral dose.

Piperlongumine is another bioactive secondary metabolite of P. longum and other plants of piper species with stress response suppressing, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory activities.

doi: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2015.11.001

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