PRASARANYADI KASHAYAM- Benefits, Ingredients, indications, dosage, side effects, research papers

Prasaranyadi kashayam is an Ayurvedic medicine for pain and stiffness in shoulder and arm. It improves the range of movement of the joints remarkably.

Benefits of Prasaranyadi kashayam

It is very effective in all the Vaata vikaras (diseases due to derangement of Vaatadosha).

Being helpful in proper movement of Vaata, who is the controller and all movements in the body, this kashaya helps the person to gain strength and ojas.

It is beneficial in cervical spondylosis.

In treatment of Bell’s palsy or Facial palsy, Prasaranyadi paalkashayam and Paalpuka (fumigation with medicated milk decoction) is very much effective.

When used in combination with Dasamoolam (group of roots of ten herbs), prasaranyadi kashayam has more analgesic property.

Indications of Prasaranyadi kashayam

Marudvikara     – Diseases due to deranged Vaatadosha

Apabahuka        – Frozen shoulder, Pain and stiffness in neck, shoulder and arm.

Ingredients of Prasaranyadi kashayam

Stinkvine/ Chinese fever VinePrasariniPaederia foetida Linn.

It is anti-convulsant and mild natural sedative, used in the treatment of epilepsy. It has anti-diarrhoeal property. It is also anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant. It has antinociceptive effect that helps in neuropathic pain conditions.

Black gramMaashaVigna mungo Linn.

It is very nutritious and rich in protein and fibre. It has laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac, emollient, thermogenic, galactagogue and styptic properties.

Flannel weed/ Country mallowBalaaSida cordifolia Linn.

It has anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, contraceptive and anti-fungal activity. It is a tonic for strengthening nerves and muscles in various neuro motor diseases.

GarlicRasonaAllium sativum

It is used for several conditions linked to the circulatory system and heart, including atherosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia, coronary heart disease and hypertension. It has anti-tumor, anti-microbial and anti-diabetic actions.

 Siamese gingerRasnaAlpinia galanga (L.) WILLD

 It is known to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic actions. It is one of the main ingredients of various formulations alleviating pain.

Dried gingerMahoushadhaZingiber officinalis

It is unctuous and hot in potency with pungent taste but becomes sweet after digestion. It is an aphrodisiac and balances Vata and Kapha.

It improves ability to taste and promotes digestion. Relieves cough cold and other respiratory problems. It is not a laxative, rather causes constipation.

Details of the manufacturing

As already discussed, Prasaranyadi kashayam has 6 ingredients in equal parts.

All these ingredients should be washed well and dried up in shade.

Take all ingredientsin equal parts and in dried & crushed form in an earthen pot. For your special attention, Rasona should be crushed and tied up separately in a white clean cotton cloth as a Potali. This is to prevent the excess dissolution of the contents and to maintain the exact consistency of the kashayam. Now add 16 times clean water into it. Make it boil and then cook in the open vessel with low fire. Reduce the quantity into one by eighth of the initial quantity. Make sure to mix it in between with a ladle without breaking the potli. Also, the fire should be kept low to make sure that all the active ingredients in the herbs needed are absorbed well into the water. Once the quantity is reduced to one by eighth of the initial amount of water, remove the vessel from the fire. Squeeze and drain through a clean white cloth. Collect the decoction in a clean vessel and discard the solid waste. Drink the mild warm decoction.

Dosha Dooshya Predominance with roga margas.

Prasaranyadi kashayam is Vaata- Kapha hara and srotasshuddhikara.

It acts on madhyamarogamarga

Dosage and Usage of Prasaranyadi kashayam

Dosage: two Pala.


This kasyam is prescribed as Ksheerabhuja. It means that the person should have milk as part of food after taking this kashayam. Also, it is used as a ksheerakashayam (medicated decoction with milk)

It is obvious that this combination should be taken only by persons with good Agnibala.

Kashayam is advised to take in empty stomach, once the ingested food is digested well and aahaararasa is formed well.

Usage of kashayam with prescribed prakshepadravyas according to the condition of disease and the patient gives the best results mostly.

Exercises and Yoga.

As Prasaranyadi kashayam targets mainly neck, sholulder and arm, regular stretching exercises are advised. Also, specific yogacharya including bhujangaasana, is recommended.

Regular exercise helps improve bioavailability of the medicine and food ingested and leads to positive health.

 Yoga can maintain harmony within the body and with the surrounding system.


All the exercises and physical exertions must be decided and done under the supervision of a medical expert only.

Recommended diet and behaviour


  • To be avoided

Heavy meals and difficult to digest foods – cause indigestion.

 junk foods- cause disturbance in digestion and reduces the bioavailability of the medicine

 carbonated drinks – makes the stomach more acidic and disturbed digestion

refrigerated and frozen foods – causes weak and sluggish digestion by weakening Agni (digestive fire)

  • To be added

Light meals and easily digestible foods

Green gram, soups, milk and milk products, sesame oil.

 freshly cooked and warm food processed with cumin seeds, ginger, black pepper, ajwain etc


Protect yourself from cold climate.

Better to avoid exposure to excessive sunlight wind rain or dust.

Avoid lifting heavy weights and other vigorous physical activities.

Maintain a regular food and sleep schedule.

Use a proper pillow according to the disease.

Avoid holding or forcing the urges like urine, faeces, cough, sneeze etc.

Side effects and contraindications

No known side effects reported.

Person with proper Agnibala or digestive fire should only take this medicine.

 It should not be used in Ama condition.

Classical references with image of the text.


Equivalent medicines.

Maharasnadi kashayam

Brands Available

AVS Kottakal


Vaidyaratnam oushadhasala

AVP Coimbatore

Nagarjuna Ayurveda

Kerala Ayurveda

Research papers

Prasaranyadi kashayam




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