Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam- Benefits, Ingredients, Indications, Dosage, Usage, Side effects, Research papers

Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam is an Ayurvedic medicine for treating respiratory disorders. It also helps to treat fever associated with respiratory tract infection.

Benefits of Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam

Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam is used in acute respiratory infection, especially in children.

It is very effective in the flare up of asthma. It works as a good expectorant, removes the phlegm and clears airways.

It is found useful in treating Kapha-Vata dominant fevers when added with other formulations.

As the kaphadosha is cleared, Agni starts functioning proper.

By improving digestion, this kashayam improves taste and appetite; bio availability of nutrients in the food also enhanced. Hence general health improved.

It is also effective in sinusits and headache.

Indications of Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam

Swasana                           – breathing disorders including asthma

Anila                                  – Difficulties due to obstructed Vaayu

Kaasa                                -Cough

Paarswaruja                     – Pain on flanks

Prishtharuja                    – Back pain

Thrika ruja                        – Low backache (pain in the coccygeal area)

Moordharuja                   – Headache

Amsaruja                          – Shoulder pain

Ingredients of Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam

DASAMOOLAM

It is a group of roots of ten herbs used as a combination in many formulations in Ayurveda.

Dasamoola is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as proving beneficial in cases of Asthma and difficult respiration. It was originally composed by Acharya Sushrutha. The name is derived from the words dasa (ten) and moola, translating to “root”. It includes the plants from the Laghupanchamoola and Bṛhatpanchamoola groups of medicinal plants.As discussed, t is a group of roots of ten herbs used as a combination in many formulations in Ayurveda.

Used together as a combination in Ayurvedic formulations, Dasamoola has Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It works as a strong anti-rheumatic agent. It is useful in reducing edema. Being mainly Vaatahara it gives strength to the body. It is useful in all diseases related to nerves and muscles.

The ten plants included in Dasamoola are,

Indian bael   BilwaAegle marmelos

It has anti-inflammatory properties and it is effective in peptic ulcer. It is anti-diarrhoeal, anti-diabetic and anti-microbial. Being a part of Dasamoola (group of roots of Ten plants) it helps to enhance its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.

Headache tree   AgnimanthaPremna integrifolia Linn.

It has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antinociceptive, anti-arthritic, anti-bacterial, anti-cancerous, anti-microbial, anthelmintic, immuno-modulatory, hypoglycaemic, neuro-protective and anti-ulcer properties. It is CNS depressant, Cardiac stimulant, and cardio-protective.

Indian trumpet flower SyonakaOroxylum indicum

It has anti-microbial, anti-diabetic, hepato-protective, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic, immune-modulatory, nephro-protective, and cardio-protective properties.

Yellow snake tree PaatalaStereospermum                                                               suaveolens

It is useful in the treatment of diabetes, pain, fever, inflammations and asthma.

BeechwoodGambhariGmelina arborea

It has anti-pyretic, analgesic, anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, anthelmintic, anti-microbial, cardio-protective, anti-ulcer, gastro-protective, anti-cancerous, anti-hyperlipidemic and immunomodulatory activity. It is the one of the main ingredients in Dasamoola for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic property.

DabraPrisniparniUraria picta

It has anti-inflammatory, expectorant and diuretic properties. It is used as a tonic to nerves and heart. It is useful in bone fracture healing.

Sal leaved desmodium SaliparniDesmodium gangeticum

It is famous for its cardioprotective properties. It helps to strengthen the heart muscles. It has analgesic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory and haemorrhagic properties. It is used to treat fever, vomiting and diarrhoea, cough and asthma.

Indian nightshade BrihatiSolanum indicum

It has anti-oxidants. It also has anti-cancerous, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, immune-modulatory, neuroprotective, diaphoretic, expectorant and stimulant properties.

Yellow-berried nightshadeKantakariSolanum xanthocarpum

It has anti-oxidant and anti-cancer activities. It possesses anti-asthmatic, hypoglycaemic, hepatoprotective, anti-bacterial and insect repellent properties.

Puncture vine  GokshuraTribulus terrestris

It is useful in diseases such as hormonal imbalance, sexual problems, heart problems, kidney problems and various skin diseases. It helps in reducing blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

THRIKATU

It is a group of three drugs namely,

Trikatu Churna is helpful in following health conditions.[36]

•  Constipation with mucous or sticky stool.

•  Loss of appetite.

•  Indigestion.

•  Gas or flatulence.

•  Bloating.

•  Abdominal distension.

•  Irritable bowel syndrome.

•  Common cold (acute phase during running nose).

•  Cough with thin white phlegm.

•  Asthma (chest congestion due to phlegm).

•  Weight loss (obesity).

•  Body aches with feeling of heaviness in the body.

•  High cholesterol levels.

•  Atherosclerosis.

•  High blood pressure due to hypercholesterolemia

Sunthi

11. Dried gingerSunthiZingiber officinalis

 It is unctuous and hot in potency with pungent taste but becomes sweet after digestion. It is an aphrodisiac and balances Vata and Kapha.

It improves ability to taste and promotes digestion. Relieves cough cold and other respiratory problems. It is not a laxative, rather causes constipation.

Maricha

Black pepperMarichaPiper nigrum L.

Black Pepper is extremely useful for respiratory disorders and asthma. In conditions like hoarse voice, dental caries, in removing bad breadth (halitosis), the gargling of Black Pepper Powder along with salt and warm water may be used. Black pepper is also used in case of Heavy diets as it aids digestion. Black pepper is also used in the weakness and loosening of the anal sphincter especially in case of piles .For Headache and migraine, nasal drops of Black pepper powder prepared in milk is used. It helps to remove the chronic headache. The same preparation can also be used as local application on fore head in the form of paste. Black pepper reduces itching and discharge through the lesions when used in the form of local application on skin disorders.

Pippali

Long pepperPippaliPiper longum

It has carminative action and maybe used as appetizer. The fruit and root of Pippali are used in the form of powder to treat fever, diarrhoea, piles, cough, hiccough, asthma, hoarseness of voice, flatulence, colic, vomiting, acid gastritis, oedema, diseases of mouth, eye diseases, diseases of semen, diseases of women, jaundice, and earache.

 Pippali mixed with honey alleviates cough, dyspnoea, fever splenomegaly, and hiccough.

Trikatu Churna is helpful in following health conditions.

•  Constipation with mucous or sticky stool.

•  Loss of appetite.

•  Indigestion.

•  Gas or flatulence.

•  Bloating.

•  Abdominal distension.

•  Common cold (acute phase during running nose).

•  Cough with white phlegm.

•  Asthma (chest congestion due to phlegm).

• Obesity

•  Body aches with feeling of heaviness in the body.

•  High cholesterol levels.

•  Atherosclerosis.

•  High blood pressure due to hypercholesterolemia

VRISHA

Adathoda, Malabar nutVrishaJusticia adathoda L.

It is an expectorant and is mostly used in respiratory conditions. It helps in treatment of skin diseases. It is also used in jaundice, fevers, headache and urinary infections.

AS ANUPANA/PRAKSHEPADRAVYA-TO BE TAKEN MIXED WITH THE KASHAYA

Honey

Details of the manufacturing

As already discussed, Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam is prepared using 14 ingredients in equal quantity.

All these ingredients should be washed well and dried up in shade.

Take the prescribed herbs in dried & crushed form in an earthen pot. For your special attention, Sunthi should be crushed and tied up separately in a white clean cotton cloth as a Potali. This is to prevent the excess dissolution of the contents and to maintain the exact consistency of the kashayam. Now add 16 times clean water into it. Make it boil and then cook in the open vessel with low fire. Reduce the quantity into one by eighth of the initial quantity. Make sure to mix it in between with a ladle without breaking the potli. Also, the fire should be kept low to make sure that all the active ingredients in the herbs needed are absorbed well into the water. Once the quantity is reduced to one by eighth of the initial amount of water, remove the vessel from the fire. Squeeze and drain through a clean white cloth. Collect the decoction in a clean vessel and discard the solid waste. Drink the cooled decoction, adding honey to it.

Dosha Dooshya Predominance with roga margas.

Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam is kaphahara.

It acts on aabhyantara rogamarga

Dosage and Usage of Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam

Dosage: two Pala.

Usage:

Kashayam is advised to take in empty stomach, once the ingested food is digested well and aahaararasa is formed well.

Usage of kashayam with prescribed prakshepadravyas according to the condition of disease and the patient gives the best results mostly.

It is indicated in the shloka that Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam should be taken with honey mixed in it.

Exercises and Yoga.

As Dasamoolakaduthrayam kashayam targets mainly respiratory system and immunity, only mild exercises are advised. Also, specific yogacharya including naadeesuddhi pranayama, bhujangaasana, is recommended.

In persons with fever and respiratory infections, physical exercises are not recommended.

Regular exercise after regaining normal health helps improve bioavailability of the food ingested and leads to positive health.

 Yoga can maintain harmony within the body and with the surrounding system.

Nadisudhi pranayama

Bhujangasana

Simple exercises for lungs and heart health

All the exercises and physical exertions must be decided and done under the supervision of a medical expert only.

Recommended diet and behaviour

Diet:

  • To be avoided

Drinking ice-cold water – loss of appetite and increased kapha leads to respiratory problems.

Heavy meals and difficult to digest foods – cause indigestion.

 junk foods- cause disturbance in digestion and reduces the bioavailability of the medicine

 carbonated drinks – makes the stomach more acidic and disturbed digestion

refrigerated and frozen foods – causes weak and sluggish digestion by weakening Agni (digestive fire)

Milk and milk products – increase kapha and cause respiratory problems

 curd – causes vidaaha and thereby many other diseases

  • To be added

Light meals and easily digestible foods

Green gram, soups, honey.

 freshly cooked and warm food processed with cumin seeds, ginger, black pepper, ajwain etc

Behaviour:

Protect yourself from cold climate.

Better to avoid exposure to excessive sunlight, wind, rain or dust.

Maintain a regular food and sleep schedule.

Avoid holding or forcing the urges like urine, faeces, cough, sneeze etc.

Side effects and contraindications

No known side effects reported.

Classical references

SAHASRAYOGA SWAASAKAASA SHLOKA 4

Equivalent medicines.

Vyaghryadi kashayam

Elakanadi kashayam

Brands Available

AVS Kottakal

AVP Coimbatore

AVN Madurai

Kerala ayurveda

Research papers

Trikatu

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329129608_Trikatu_-_A_combination_of_three_bioavailability_enhancers

Bilva

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4027346/

Agnimantha

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/300000191_Pharmacological_potentials_of_Premna_integrifolia_L

Salaparni

Myocardial ischemia

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2831010/

Ischemic reperfusion injury

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3178976/

Trikatu/Vyosha

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329129608_Trikatu_-_A_combination_of_three_bioavailability_enhancers

Vrisha

Asthma and respiratory diseases

Pippali

The study was undertaken to evaluate the antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effects of Piper longum root aqueous extract (PlrAqe) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats.

During the short term study the aqueous extract at a dosage of 200 mg/kg.b.w was found to possess significant antidiabetic activity after 6 h of the treatment. The administration of aqueous extract at the same dose for 30 days in STZ induced diabetic rats resulted in a significant decrease in FBG levels with the corrections of diabetic dyslipidemia compared to untreated diabetic rats. There was a significant decrease in the activities of liver and renal functional markers in diabetic treated rats compared to untreated diabetic rats indicating the protective role of the aqueous extract against liver and kidney damage and its non-toxic property.

 it was concluded that the plant extract is capable of managing hyperglycemia and complications of diabetes in STZ induced diabetic rats.

doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-13-37

To compare stress resistance increasing and analgesic activities of piperlongumine and a methanolic Piper longum fruit extract (PLE).

significant effects of piperlongumine and PLE in both the tests were observed after their 5 or more daily doses. Both of them also dose dependently suppressed daily handling and repetitive testing triggered alterations in body weights and core temperatures. Their doxycycline like antidepressant activity in tail suspension test and aspirin like analgesic effects in acetic acid writhing test were observed after their 11 daily 5 mg/kg oral dose.

Piperlongumine is another bioactive secondary metabolite of P. longum and other plants of piper species with stress response suppressing, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory activities.

doi: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2015.11.001

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