CHIKUNGUNYA- Ayurveda Treatment, Diet, Exercises, Home Remedies, Precautions

Chikungunya is a viral fever caused by group A virus and transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Chikungunya is a local word meaning ‘doubling up’ owing to excruciating joint pains. Ayurveda treatment for Chikungunya is well accepted due to its speedy safe recovery with out any sequel.

  • SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • CAUSES OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • DIAGNOSIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • TREATMENTS FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • PROGNOSIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • COMPLICATIONS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • CHIKUNGUNYA AND AYURVEDA
  • NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • LAKSHANA- AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA
  • CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • AYURVEDIC LOCAL TREATMENT FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • AYURVEDIC SHODHANA TREATMENT FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • HOME REMEDIES FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • YOGA FOR CHIKUNGUNYA
  • RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF CHIKUNGUNYA

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Symptoms usually appear within a week of infection.
  • Fever
  • Anorexia
  • Joint pain and joint stiffness
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Cutaneous eruptions
  • Skin rash

CAUSES OF CHIKUNGUNYA

Chikungunya caused by the bite of Aedes mosquito infected with chikungunya virus.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY OF CHIKUNGUNYA

The incubation period of chikungunya fever is 4-7 days, following which the disease has a sudden onset with fever, chills, cephalalgia, anorexia, etc. The cutaneous eruptions may recur every 3 to 7 days.

DIAGNOSIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • The virus can be isolated from the blood of febrile patients.
  • Serological diagnosis
  • Serum neutralization test
  • Haemagglutination inhibition
  • ELISA
  • PCR

TREATMENTS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • There is no specific treatment for chikungunya infection and it is usually self-limiting.
  • Analgesics
  • Antipyretic drugs like paracetamol
  • Fluid supplementation

PROGNOSIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

It is curable and the symptoms are manageable.

COMPLICATIONS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Arthropathy – it appears between 3rd and 5th day after the onset of clinical symptoms, and it can persist for many months and even years.

CHIKUNGUNYA AND AYURVEDA

  • In Ayurveda,Chikungunya management is based on the symptoms.
  • In Ayurveda Chikungunya is known as Sandhijwara which means “fever of the joints”. The symptoms of Sandhijvara and Chikungunya are very similar and hence Ayurveda treatment provides relief for the disease.

NIDANA- AYURVEDIC CAUSES OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Excess consumption of acrid, salt, hot,  ununctuous food
  • Eating during indigestion
  • Agantu factors – infections
  • Improper administration of purification therapies
  • Depletion of body tissue

PURVAROOPAM- AYURVEDIC PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Increased body temperature
  • Weakness

SAMPRAPTI – AYURVEDIC PATHOGENESIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

Due to the causative factors doshas become vitiated and spreads to the entire body. Aggravated doshas enter the digestive system and combine with agni, accompanying the rasa, blocks the channels. Agni expels out from the site of digestion and spreads to all over the body and gives rise to jwara.

LAKSHANA – AYURVEDIC SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Jwara – fever
  • Sandhi Shoola – joint pain
  • Sandhi Shotha – arthritis
  • Kandu – itchy skin lesions
  • Arochaka – anorexia
  • Shirah Shoola – headache

AYURVEDIC PROGNOSIS OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Prognosis is Sadhya – curable

CHIKITSA- AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR CHIKUNGUNYA

AYURVEDIC SAMANA TREATMENT FOR CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Sanjeevani Vati
  • Sudarshana Ghana Vati
  • Amrutharishta
  • Trayodashanga Guggulu
  • Maha Rasnadi Kvatha

COMMONLY USED AYURVEDIC MEDICINES TREATMENT FOR CHIKUNGUNYA

Ayurvedic medicines for Internal administration for CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Sanjeevani Vati
  • Sudarshana Ghana Vati
  • Amrutharishta
  • Trayodashanga Guggulu
  • Maha Rasnadi Kvatha
  • Amritotharam kashayam

HOME REMEDIES FOR CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Intake of warm water frequently
  • Proper rest
  • Intake of water boiled with coriander and dried ginger

Immunity Boosters FOR CHIKUNGUNYA

DIET AND BEHAVIOUR FOR CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Avoid food items which produce dosha imbalance like cold and dry food, hard to digest. Because dosha imbalance aggravates the symptoms.
  • Consume easily digestible food items
  • Avoid visiting the disease prevalent areas
  • Proper sanitation measures to be followed.

YOGA FOR CHIKUNGUNYA

  • Nadi Shuddi Pranayam    – calms the mind and gets relief from the pain associated with chikungunya

The patient needs to be seated in a meditative posture with the head and spine erect, with the body relaxed. The patient has to close his one nostril (e.g. left nostril if using the right hand and vice versa) with the thumb and exhale completely through the other nostril. Again, he will have to breathe in deeply through the other nostril while the opposite nostril is still closed with the thumb.

  • Bhujangasana – immune booster asana
  • Shashankasana
  • Kapal Bhati
  • Ujjayi
  • Bhastrika

RESEARCH PAPERS OF AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF CHIKUNGUNYA

  1. Management of chikungunya through Ayurveda
  • Chikungunya in ayurvedic perspective and its management

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